During the early twentieth century dwellings continued to be built in every area of the district except the commercial area on Main Street and College Avenue. Many houses were based on familiar forms from earlier periods, such as center-passage-plan and double-cell houses; others were modeled on the Bungalow or American Foursquare house, the first nationally published domestic architecture to be adapted for a large number of dwellings in the region. The houses usually had exposed decorative rafters and brackets, central dormers, wide porches with massive supports, and irregular, functional floor plans as opposed to the regular, formal arrangement of the local vernacular dwellings. Sometimes, popular Colonial Revival decorative elements were applied to stock pattern-book houses of the Foursquare or Bungalow types. The Wes Gray House, on the northwest corner of Faculty and Progress streets, seen on the bottom, is a large, American Foursquare dwelling built by one of the town's most active contractors who specialized in Foursquare houses and Bungalows. The brick house has a slate roof; a concrete foundation; triple sash windows; a massive central dormer; and a deep modillioned cornice. The wraparound, one-story porch is supported on tapered, square columns.

The Janie Calloway House at 204 Wilson Avenue is a good example of the popular one-and-one-half story bungalow. The hipped roofed, frame house has a central dormer, sash windows with an arrangement of four window panes over one that is typical of houses in the Bungalow mode, exposed rafter ends, and narrow matchboard siding. This house is particularly interesting, because it was ordered directly from the Sears and Roebuck catalog. A number of houses in Montgomery County followed this increasingly popular twentieth century practice of ordering precut materials from remote locations.

Previous Slide Introduction Next Slide

Previous - Introduction - Next

Last updated October 24, 1997