History of Blacksburg, Virginia

Important Dates

Ralph Minthorne Brown, compiler (1942)

1671
Batts and Fallam Expedition in Southwestern Virginia.

1734
Orange County formed.

1738
Augusta County formed.

1748
Dr. Thomas Walker, John Buchanan and James Patton crossed New River, on surveying expedition to Kentucky.

1749
Loyal Land Company organized by Dr. Thomas Walker, James Patton, and others, based on a grant of 800,000 acres of land, lying north of the North Carolina line and west of the mountains.

First Indian depredation west of the Alleghanies upon Adam Harmon, one of the Drapers' Meadows settlers.

1749-1774
Draper's Meadow Settlement. Hale, J.P. Trans-Allegheny pioneers, 2d. edition, 1931, pages 19-93.

1750
Dr. Thomas Walker made his second surveying journey to Cumberland Gap and Kentucky.

William Ingles and Mary Draper married at Draper's Meadows, the first white wedding west of the Alleghenies.

1751
Thomas Ingles born at Draper's Meadows, the first white child born west of the Alleghenies.

1754
Ingles' Ferry (New River), Virginia. Located by William Ingles.

1762
Ingles' Ferry established by law.

1755
July 30th. Drapers Meadows Massacre.

1756
Vass (Vauss) Fort built under direction of Colonel Hogg. The fort was captured, by a party of French and Shawnee Indians, the same year and all of its inmates killed or taken prisoner.

1757
The New River Lead Mines discovered by Colonel Chiswell, and operations begun.

1759
Fort Chiswell (Wythe County) Virginia, built under direction of Colonel William Byrd.

1760
An Indian raiding party surprised by William Ingles and others, near Ingle's Ferry, six or seven Indians killed, and a few escaped. One white man killed. This was the last Indian raid or trouble that occurred in that region.

1756
"Dinwiddie, Governor, wrote to Colonel Clement Read, on September 8, 1756; 'Give Stallicker (Stalnacker) 100 to qualify him to take his Company and build a little Stockade Fort at Draper's Meadows, and take his receipt for it.'" Koontz, Louis K. The Virginia Frontier, 1754-1763, 1925, pages 118-119, and Brock, R.A., The Official Records of Robert Dinwiddie, vol. 2, 1884, page 503.

1769-1773
Long Hunters' expeditions into Kentucky.

1774
Dunmores War and battle of Point Pleasant, at mouth of Great Kanawha River, a tributary of the Ohio River.

1775
Daniel Boone and his party cut the Boone Trace, a section of the Wilderness Road, from Long Island, on the Holston River, Tennessee, to Boonesborough, Kentucky.

1778
"Governor Henry to Col. Wm. Preston, May 12, 1778. Sir your situation being an exposed one I desire you will please keep a Sergeant and twelve men stationed at your House at Draper's Meadow, in case you judge it expedient. This step is taken to induce you to remain at your Habitation and to encourage other to do so. Wishing you safety I am, Sir, yr. mo. hble servt., P. Henry. Colonel William Preston, Montgomery (County)." (In Official Letters of The Governor of Virginia, vol. 1, The Letters of Patrick Henry, page 270.)

"Tuesday, May 12, 1778. The Board (Council) being informed of Colonel William Preston's exposed situation on the frontiers (at Smithfield) and that it was apprehended (should he be obliged to remove) most of the back Inhabitants would quit their settlements. They do advise the Governor to empower Colonel Preston to keep a Sergeant and twelve men stationed at his House at Draper's Meadows, to enable him to continue at his Habitation and encourage others do so," (In Journals of the Council of the State of Virginia, vol. II, page 131, 1932.)

1792
Christiansburg, Virginia, established.

1794
Indians defeated, by General "Mad Anthony" Wayne in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, which defeat gave peace and security, for the Indians, to the Virginia, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania frontiers.

1798
Blacksburg established.

1838
Ingles' Ferry bridge built; the first bridge across the New River.

1858
The Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, now the Norfolk and Western Railroad, opened the first railroad to cross the New River.

1864
May 9. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain, Pulaski County.

1871
Blacksburg incorporated.