Guide to the Civil War Manuscript Collections
This guide describes the manuscript collections containing materials for Civil War research in the Special Collections Department of the University Libraries at Virginia Tech. Collections are listed, even if only parts of them relate to the Civil War. The guide includes materials from the war years, 1861-1865 as well as materials from later periods that refer to the war, such as post-war reminiscences, slides and photographs of Civil War sites, and audio tapes of Civil War Roundtable lectures.
The entries are arranged in alphabetical order. Entries may contain a brief biographical or organizational history if one is available, and a description of the materials in the collection. The size of each collection is given in cubic feet (abbreviated "cu. ft."), with 0.1 cu. ft. the smallest designation used. Where transcripts of letters or digital facsimiles are available, this is noted.
The Special Collections Department is located on the first floor of Newman Library at Virginia Tech. Please refer to the general information page for hours and directions. Researchers interested in obtaining more information about any of the collections described below are invited to inquire in person or to contact:
Special Collections Online Reference, or (540) 231-6308 or
Special Collections Department
P.O. Box 90001
Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
[48th PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY POLL-BOOK, 1864]. 1 item. Poll-book for an election held on October 11, 1864, noting votes cast by members of Company B, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry, encamped at Pegram's Farm in Dinwiddie County, Virginia. Book includes a list of men, mostly from Schuylkill, Luzerne, Lebanon, and Berks counties, Pennsylvania, and how many votes were cast for candidates for the national offices of Congress and the county offices of Sheriff, Clerk of Orphan's Court, Coroner, County Commissioner, Director of the Poor, and County Auditor. Ms98-021.
42nd VIRGINIA INFANTRY MUSTER AND DESCRIPTIVE ROLL, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. John W. Dillon, resident of Floyd County, Virginia and private in the Confederate Army, serving as a steward with the 42nd Regiment of the Virginia Volunteers. Civil War-era muster and descriptive roll that shows Dillon's service as steward, signed by Dillon and certified by John W. Smith, assistant surgeon. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-090.
116th REGIMENT, OHIO INFANTRY. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a letter from a sutler that discusses business conditions surrounding the 116th Ohio, the Ohio gubernatorial election of 1863 between Clement L. Vallandigham and John Brough, and offers brief information about the regiment and its leisurely activities. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2011-049.
ADAMS, RICHARD HENRY. DIARIES, 1862-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Served as a captain in the 5th Alabama Regiment, Confederate States of America. Collection contains transcripts of diaries written between April 1862 and February 1865, predominantly when Adams was a prisoner of war. Ms94-013.
ADKINSON, C.M., & CO. ACCOUNT BOOK, 1859-61. 1 vol. General store in Halifax County, Virginia. Customer accounts. Ms40-001.
ALEXANDER, HENRIE H. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Blacksburg, Virginia, resident and a Confederate lieutenant in the 22nd Virginia Regiment. Letter from Alexander from Blacksburg, to Captain W.G. Price in Wytheville, Virginia, June 10, 1862, about a recent skirmish with the Union soldiers at Salt Sulphur Springs, Virginia (now West Virginia). Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1960-002.
ANDREWS, N.S. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier stationed in Washington, D.C. Letter to his father, August 3, 1864. Finding aid available online. Ms1989-041.
ANGLE, L. C., Jr. CIVIL WAR COLLECTION, c. 1860-2001. 0.5 cu. ft. Resident of Abingdon, Virginia, and a Civil War history enthusiast. Collection consists largely of materials related to the history of the Civil War in Virginia, particularly - but not limited to - copies and transcripts of Civil War letters, personal papers, and manuscripts. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2001-043.
APPERSON FAMILY; see BLACK, KENT, AND APPERSON FAMILIES, PAPERS OF, 1779-1984 (Bulk 1821-1948). 7 l.f. John Samuel Apperson (1837-1908) served as a hospital steward under Dr. Harvey Black in the 4th Virginia Regiment and the field hospital of the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, during the Civil War, and later became a doctor. Papers include Apperson's correspondence (ca. 1850-1900) and Civil War diaries (1861-65, 6 diaries); a medallion (1893) commemorating the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's discovery of America owned by John S. Apperson; the correspondence and genealogical notes (ca. 1920-85) of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Apperson; and a notebook containing a Blacksburg history (1944) by Mary Apperson. Also includes scrapbooks (1933-50) of clippings, correspondence, and telegrams with information about the political career of Harvey Black Apperson (1890-1948), who was a State Senator and Attorney General of Virginia. Includes leases and reports from the Blacksburg Mining and Manufacturing Company of Montgomery County, Virginia, of which Alex Apperson was a stockholder. Genealogical notes and sources compiled by Alex and Miriam Apperson include information on the Amiss, Crockett, Dudley, Mastin, Porter, Tynes, and Woodbridge families. The Appersons were connected by marriage to the Black and Kent families. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms74-003.
ARMISTEAD, MARY FRANCES. MEMOIR, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Surry County and Richmond, Virginia during Civil War. Three-page photocopied typescript of Armistead's reminiscences, focusing on the several jobs she held during the war. Civil War Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
ATKINSON, ARCHIBALD JR. (1832-1903). MEMOIRS, ca. 1890s. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate surgeon in the Civil War. Served alternately in the Wise Legion, the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment, and the Second Army Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia. After the war he was a professor of materia medica and therapeutics in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Baltimore, Maryland. Memoirs written in the late 1800s, and focus exclusively on Atkinson's Civil War experiences. Finding aid with link to transcript available. Ms1994-022.
BABCOCK, H. O. DIARY, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Farmer and schoolteacher from North Stonington, Connecticut. Diary entires record work, social and church activities, weather, and financial affairs. Also included are comments on the day's political and military affairs, particularly battles and lost friends. Civil War Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
BABCOCK, WILLIS A. (b. abt. 1840). DIARY, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Private, then Corporal with the 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Infantry; mustered in December 1862. Diary records camp life and duties while stationed in Washington, DC, and throughout Virginia; Babcock's experiences in the rifle pits at Petersburg; and his extended furlough at home at the end of the year. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-129.
BADGER, CONRAD C. LETTER, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing his mother from Nashua, New Hampshire. Writes that he intends to enlist in the 6th New Hampshire as a nurse after trying to get positions with surgeons in two other regiments. Finding aid available online. Ms1989-104.
BAILEY, PATTIE DOBSON TALLEY (b. 1888). UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY APPLICATION, 1925. 0.1 cu. ft. Photocopy of Bailey's application for membership in the Kentucky Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Describes Confederate service of Bailey's grandfather, Nathaniel Henry Talley, who worked as a gunboat mechanic and saddle maker at West Point, Virginia. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
BAKER FAMILY. CIVIL WAR ARTIFACTS, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. A collection of buttons and pins relating to the Confederate States of America. Contains two Confederate naval uniform buttons, a Southern Cross of Honor [two pieces] belonging to William J. Baker (15th Virginia Infantry) and Frances M. Baker's pin from the Mississippi Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
BALDWIN, ASA. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 82nd Ohio Regiment. Five letters from Baldwin from camps in Ohio, Indiana, and Tennessee, to his wife in Blanchester, Ohio. One letter from Baldwin's brother, R.F. Baldwin, in Ohio. Finding aid available online. Ms1988-079.
BALDWIN FAMILY. LETTERS, 1861-1897. 0.1 cu. ft. Tazewell County, Virginia family. Letters from Denison B. Baldwin, Captain of 23rd Battalion Virginia Infantry to wife Sallie W. Barnes Baldwin. Also includes letter from Baldwin's brother-in-law, Oscar F. Barnes, while a prisoner at Fort Delaware, as well as letters among other family members and residents of Southwest Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-033.
BARNES FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1860-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Monongalia and Marion, Virginia (later West Virginia) family, including three family members who served during the Civil War. Collection contains correspondence to and from members of the family including Uz and Mary Barnes and two of their sons, Thomas R. and James H.; other materials includes two poems handwritten and dated by Thomas R., copied from other sources. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-070.
BARNETT, JOSEPH HAMPTON (?-1922). MEDALS, 1899-1916, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier of the 4th Virginia Regiment. Collection contains the Southern Cross of Honor, reunion medals from Florida and Richmond, Virginia, and ribbons from the Grand Camps Confederate Veterans of Virginia reunions. Ms79-001.
BARNETT, WILLIAM W., DIARY, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. This collection consists of a single diary for the year 1862 of William W. Barnett, private in the 8th Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps. The diary describes his time in hospital in January and February, as well as from September through December. These latter entries include his work as a nurse, particularly tending to the wounded following the battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. Barnett mentions review of the division by President Lincoln, General McDowell, and Secretary Stanton in May near Fredericksburg and again by Lincoln and McClellan in July near Harrison's Landing. The diary includes descriptions of battle at Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Frazier's Farm, and Malvern Hill in the Seven Day's campaign and at the Second Battle of Bull Run. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-075.
BARRON, WILLIAM H. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in U. S. Army Signal Corps during the Civil War. Post-war letter written from Richmond, Virginia to friend Emma, describing visits to local battlefields, boredom in camp, watching the soldiers return to their homes in the North, his hope that Jefferson Davis will hang, and the arrival of Governor Pierpont in Richmond. Accompanied by typed transcript. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-042.
BARTLETT, HENRY T. LETTER, 1888. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry; later, Vice President of the Cavalry Corps in the Society to the Army of the Potomac. Writes Samuel E. Chamberlain, President of the Cavalry Corps, S.A.P., in 1888, urging him to nominate a cavalryman as the next president of the S.A.P., and cites the importance of the cavalry at the Battle of Gettysburg (1863). Ms89-031.
BARTLETT, ANSIL T. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Private with Company D, 58th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry. Collection includes a letter to his father from Camp Farmville, Virginia, discussing soldiers stealing good from nearby homes, daily tasks, war rumors, and Bartlett's hope to be home by July 4th. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-008.
BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS. NARRATIVE, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Written by unidentified soldier of General Hancock's 2nd Corps. Partial narrative describes the march into battle and the first skirmishes of the Wilderness campaign. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-037.
BAUER, GEORG (d. 1864). LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier during the Civil War, writing from Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 20, 1864, to his daughter, about the many battles he fought in and the presence of the Confederates in the immediate area. Bauer was a native German speaker and the English in his letter is heavily Germanized (ex. "shudding duks" for "shooting ducks"). Bauer was killed two months later in the Battle of Monocacy. Transcript available. Ms93-022.
BAUSERMAN FAMILY. PAPERS, 1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection contains three letters from brothers Raphael C. and Erasmus Bauserman while they served as Confederate Privates in Virginia's 12th Cavalry, Company K during the Civil War. Written to their mother, sisters, and brothers, the letters discuss their unit's health, company rations, fighting, and horses. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-016.
BAYLOR, WILLIAM SMITH HANGER (1831-62). CORRESPONDENCE, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Augusta County, Virginia, resident. Colonel of Augusta County Volunteer companies, and later appointed to command the 5th Virginia Regiment. In August 1862 he was made commander of the Stonewall Brigade, and was killed soon thereafter at the Battle of Second Manassas. There are three items in the collection: two letters from Baylor to his wife (April 22, and August 18, 1862), and a letter from Edward P. Walton to Mrs. Baylor written after Baylor's death (October 1, 1862). Baylor's letters refer to the destruction caused by the war, his promotion to "Colonelcy" and to Brigade Commander, his health, and General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Walton's letter expresses sympathy to Baylor's widow, and comments on Baylor's religious conviction and General Jackson's regard for him. Ms85-002.
BEAR FAMILY. PAPERS, 1823-79. 0.1 cu. ft. Churchville, Augusta County, Virginia, family. Papers consist of diaries, books, and letters of various members of the Bear family. Includes a diary written in 1862 by Harvey Bear, who although not a soldier in the Civil War at that time describes the war activity around him and his service as a wagon teamster for the Confederate Army. Refers to his neighbor, Jedediah Hotchkiss, who served as Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's topographer. Papers also include two diaries written in 1878-79 by Harvey's son George, a manuscript general order written in March 1863 for Stonewall Jackson's Second Army Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, and a letter written in February 1849 from a member of the Virginia House of Delegates to Harvey Bear about a vote on the slave resolutions. Partial transcript available. Ms92-010.
BECKWITH, JONATHAN B. (1800-1891). LETTERS, 1861, 1866. 0.1 cu. ft. Parkersburg, Virginia (later Parkersburg, West Virginia) farmer and Confederate supporter. Letters contain discussions of family business, Beckwith's views on ante- and post-bellum Virginia and West Virginia, and impact of the Civil War on his farm. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-063.
[BEDFORD SPRINGS, PENNSYLVANIA, LETTER, 1861.] 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written August 26, 1861, from "Aunt Netty" in a springs resort in Pennsylvania, to "Dear John," in the West. Netty writes about the distracted state of the country, seeing Confederate colonel John Pegram at the Springs (listed under an alias, recruiting his health after surrendering to McClellan in the West Virginia Operations), and her opinion of traitors to the Union. Ms91-009.
BELEW, WILLIAM (1816-1884). CLAIM (1868). 0.1 cu. ft. Lawrence County, Tennessee farmer. State of Tennessee, County of Lawrence, claim for the loss of quartermaster stores in 1863 and 1864, taken by three different Confederate units. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-047.
BENINGER, WILLIAM. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Battery H of the 6th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery writing from various forts in Virginia to his sister. Writes in November 1864 from Fairfax County that he is enjoying the point above Bulls Run and expects to move from this place to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Writes in March 1865 from Fort Bennett that he thinks the war will end soon, and that the Rebels he saw at Falls Church and at Fairfax Court House were only "a few gurrillaws and a drunk." Ms89-107.
BENSON, GEORGE W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier from Allentown, Pennsylvania. Eleven letters from camps in Washington, D.C., Ohio, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, referring to camp life, his comrades, and finding a wife when he returns home. Transcript available. Ms88-083.
BENTLEY, M.A. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from a Confederate soldier to his father. Writes September 2, 1863, from Richmond, Virginia, about the camp meetings and his faith in God. Ms90-015.
BILLINGS, ELDEN E. AUDIOTAPES, 1963. 3 reels. Resident of Washington, D.C., and a collector of Civil War era manuscripts and historical literature. Collections consists of three reel-to-reel tapes of speeches given at the Annual Lincoln Day Dinner at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., on February 5, 1963. Billings also donated over 6000 books on Civil War topics to the Special Collections Department--see a staff member for more information. Ms91-036.
BLACK, KENT, AND APPERSON FAMILIES, PAPERS OF, 1779-1984 (Bulk 1821-1948). 7 l.f. Papers and artifacts of an interrelated family prominent in Blacksburg's history. Dr. Harvey Black (1827-88) served in the Civil War as a surgeon for the Fourth Virginia Infantry Regiment and as surgeon in charge of the field hospital of the 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Black assisted in the operation on General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson after he had been wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was a founder and was on the first Board of Visitors of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College, now Virginia Tech. Papers include the Civil War correspondence of Confederate surgeon Dr. Harvey Black to his wife, the Civil War diary of hospital steward John S. Apperson, cotton books and correspondence of Germanicus Kent, nineteenth-century account books of Blacksburg mercantile establishments, a 1912 European travel diary, the political scrapbooks of State Senator and Attorney General Harvey B. Apperson, and genealogy research on the Black, Kent, and Apperson and related families. Also includes a manuscript notebook with a history of Blacksburg, as told to Mary E. Apperson by her mother Lizzie Black Apperson. The Blacks were connected by marriage to the Apperson and Kent families. Ms74-003. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms74-003.
BLACK, JOHN H. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the 12th Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, writing his wife on October 21, 1864, from Bolivar Heights, Virginia (now West Virginia). Writes about the Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864) and efforts to recruit new troops to replace those lost in the battles. Ms89-089.
BLACKMAN, FREDERICK. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier from Connecticut. Letters written January 6, 1863, and n.d., from Virginia and Tennessee, to Franklin Sherwood of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Writes that he was sick the night of the fight (possibly the Battle of Murfreesboro), and asks what the people back home think of the war. Asks Sherwood to send him his belongings for he intends to never return to Bridgeport. Transcripts available. Ms89-059.
BLAIN, DANIEL (1838-1906). PAPERS, 1864-70. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in the 1st Rockbridge Artillery in the Civil War; later a Presbyterian minister in Rockbridge County, Virginia, and a high school principal. Papers include four letters, written July 5 and September 18, 1864, from camp near Petersburg, Virginia, to his future wife. Writes about the chaplaincy in the CSA Army, sitting with a dying man in his last hours, the freedom he had before the war, and news from the front in Mobile, Alabama. Refers to the shelling of Petersburg and the Democratic Party Chicago Convention. Also includes a post-war diary (1868-70) written by Blain as a newly ordained Presbyterian minister. Writes of Confederate officers in and around Lexington, Virginia, including Robert E. Lee; his travels around the county, church business, the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, and the stillborn birth of his son. Ms90-002.
BLUNT, ASA P. (1826-1889). LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from Brigadier General Asa P. Blunt, written to an unidentified cousin, from Fort Monroe, Va., on June 10th, 1864. The letter details daily life in the area, in particular a planned raid on Petersburg, Va., that was halted after Confederate forces got advance notice, and Blunt's hopes that his cousin could come to Virginia to help educate free African-Americans in his employ. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-010.
BODELL, DOROTHY (1931- ). RESEARCH NOTES, 1850-1996. 0.8 cu. ft. Resident and local historian of Blacksburg, Virginia. Collection consists of photocopies of notes and files Bodell compiled while researching her book Montgomery White Sulphur Springs: A History of the Resort, Cemeteries, Markers, and Monument, published in 1993. Notes include information about the resort's use as a Confederate hospital during the Civil War, run by the Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy, a religious order of Charleston, South Carolina. Also includes material prepared for the 40th reunion of the Blacksburg High School class of 1948 (of which Bodell was a member). Finding aid available online. Ms88-042.
BOND, HENRY M. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the 45th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment. Letter from Bond in Trenton, Jones County, North Carolina, to "My dear George." Writes of skirmishes with the "rebs," problems in advancing on the enemy due to the weather, and his opinion of North Carolina. Ms88-075.
BONSALL, GEORGE W. (1845-1910). DIARIES, 1861-78. 2 vols. Resident of Cincinnati, Ohio, and a corporal in the 138th Regiment Ohio National Guard (originally formed as the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Reserve Militia) during the Civil War. Collection consists of two volumes of a manuscript diary, copied in 1865 of entries Bonsall wrote between May 23, 1861 (his 16th birthday) and 1865. Continues the diary sporatically after the war, with entries indicating his marriage in 1876 and the birth of his daughter in 1877. Bonsall writes in detail about his regiment's movements throughout Ohio, Kentucky, and Virginia during the war (particularly 1863 and 1864), but they never engaged in a battle with the Confederates. Bonsall also writes about working as a mason building dormitories for a new college in Berea, Kentucky, in 1869. Finding aid available online. Ms1997-015.
BOWMASTER, PATRICK A. (1969- ). PAPERS, 1994-95. 0.1 cu. ft. Graduate history student at Virginia Tech. Collection consists of papers Bowmaster wrote for classes, including a transcript of the diary of Jasper Hawse (1835-1905), born in Hardy County, Virginia, who enlisted in the 14th Regiment, Virginia Militia, at the beginning of the Civil War, which became the 7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment in March 1862. In June 1862 the cavalry was reorganized as the 17th Virginia Cavalry Battalion. Hawse served intermittently as a commissary sergeant in the Confederate Quartermaster's Department. Also includes a paper about Emanuel Stance, the first African-American to win the Congressional Medal of Honor for action in the post-Civil War period. Access restricted. Ms94-037.
BOZWORTH, JAMES. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the Connecticut troops in the Civil War. Letters written from Camp Sigel, Maryland, and West Philadelphia Hospital, Pennsylvania, to Franklin Sherwood of Bridgeport, Connecticut. In September 1862 he thanks Sherwood for previous letters and invites him to his encampment in Maryland. He writes in 1863 from General Hospital in West Philadelphia that the corps filled up the hospital to its utmost capacity, and that he wants Sherwood to visit and bring letters of recommendation to have himself transferred to New Haven, Connecticut. Hopes Sherwood is not "frightened into a fever by the prospect of the conscription." Transcripts available. Ms89-058.
BRADLEY, HERMAN J. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier, possibly in the Army of the Potomac. Correspondence consists of two letters to Bradley's family. One letter was written November 10, 1861, for Bradley to his brother by Darius Russell, about Bradley's ill condition. The second was written November 7, 1864(?), by Bradley to his parents, from Camp Cedar Creek, Virginia. Writes about the guerilla action in the area and their capture of General Alfred N. Duffie. Ms89-074.
BRIGGS, MARIAN. LETTER, 1866. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Gorham, New York. Letter to Catherine Weatherbee. Discusses their friendship, her parents' hardships, and the military service of her brothers Henry and Albert (both served in the 126th New York Infantry)--particularly the wounding of Henry at Gettysburg and his subsequent death. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
BRAINARD, ALDIS. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier of the 5th Vermont Infantry. Letter written June 8, 1862, from camp outside Richmond, Virginia, to his wife. Describes the Battle of Fair Oaks and the resulting stench from the dead soldiers on the field. Ms89-044.
BRECKINRIDGE, GENERAL JOHN C. (1821-1875). NOTE, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Lawyer, Major in the Mexican War (1847-1848), United States Representative (1851-1855), Senator (1861), and youngest Vice President (1857-1860). Brigadier General, promoted to Major General, in the Civil War (1862-1864), Confederate States of America Secretary of War (1865). Note to Breckinridge for a permit to ship a carriage to prevent its theft, with a reference to the date the permit was sent on the verso side. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-062.
BRICK, JOHN (1922-1973). BOOK MANUSCRIPT, ca. 1956. 0.2 cu. ft. Author of historical novels. Typescript draft of Civil War novel Jubilee, which follows the fictional 195th New York Infantry as it participates in Sherman's march to the sea. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-098.
BROCK, JOHN P. MUSTER ROLL, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate Civil War muster roll, taken June 12, 1861, in Staunton, Virginia, of the Captain John P. Brock Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Regiment Wise Legion, which was renamed in May 1862 as the 10th Regiment Virginia Cavalry. Muster roll lists volunteers' rank, age, value of horses and horse equipment brought with them, and where, when and how long they joined for duty. Ms92-023.
BROWN FAMILY. PAPERS, 1825-1965. 0.5 cu. ft. Montgomery County, Virginia, family; owners of a farm on the north fork of the Roanoke River. Collection consists of receipts, bills, correspondence, tax notes and other papers created between 1825 and 1912, with the bulk of the collection from 1850 to 1894, by members of the Brown family, particularly James Cartmill Brown (1828-1913), as they purchased services and goods from business people in the community. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1990-011.
BROWN, MIMA. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Pulaski Couty, Virginia, resident. Collection includes a letter from Brown to her brother John describing local supply shortages for soldiers, a recent outbreak of illness, and war news. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-025.
BROWN, WASHINGTON (1836-62). PAPERS, 1861-63, 1869. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain of the 145th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Died from wounds inflicted at the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Papers include a manuscript copy of a "personal memoir" about Brown, written in 1869 by Samuel P. Bates, Pennsylvania state historian, and various pieces of correspondence to and from Brown and his family in Erie, Pennsylvania. Also includes letters to and from his father, Conrad Brown, written after Washington's death concerning the funeral recoarrangements, and a manuscript copy of his last words. Ms89-011.
BUCK, W. G. (1836-?). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Fort Madison, Iowa; private in Company K, 17th Iowa Infantry. Four-page letter, dated December 2, 1863 and addressed to "friend and cousin," describes regiment's movements through the fall of 1863; land and people of eastern Tennessee; the use of pontoon bridges; the battles of Chattanooga, Tunnel Hill and Mission Ridge; and personal matters. Online transcript available. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
BUCKLEY, R. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain in the 197th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment, guarding prisoners at the Rock Island, Illinois, POW camp. Letter to his wife and mother, October 5, 1864. Writes of illness among his men and transferring the back pay of a dead soldier to the soldier's father. Ms89-042.
BURGESS, WILLIAM. LETTER, 1886. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written August 24, 1886, to General William D. Dixon from Burgess, formerly a first lieutenant in the 6th Pennsylvania Corps. Burgess describes the skirmish at Drainsville, Virginia (December 1861), and the actions of General Edward O. Ord in that engagement. Ms89-050.
BURNS, THOMAS MORRIS. LETTERS, 1862-1900 (bulk 1862-1865), .5 lf. Letters written by Thomas Burns to his family between August 1862 and June 1865 while he was serving with the 52nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The regiment was attached to the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Corps, Army of the Cumberland. He participated in engagements in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and North Carolina. Burns, of Richmond, Jefferson County, Ohio, was the son of Scottish immigrants and was 18 or 19 years old when he enlisted in the Union Army. The collection also contains 2 images of Burns and a letter from John B. McCarel of the 52nd Ohio to Burns' father. Ms2000-087.
BURNS, WILLIAM S. (1833-1911). REMINISCENCES, [1887?]. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain in the 4th Missouri Cavalry during the Civil War. Series of war-time reminiscences appearing in a local newspaper, clipped and pasted into a bound volume. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2011-094.
BURROWS FAMILY. LETTERS, 1861-1891. 0.2 cu. ft. Delaware County, New York family, with several extended members serving in the Union Army during the Civil War. Letters of Palmer L. Burrows (144th New York Infantry) and his sons S. Worcester Burrows (27th New York Infantry and 1st New York Veteran Cavalry) and Linus P. Burrows (1st New York Veteran Cavalry) and others. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-007.
BURROWS, SAMUEL WORCESTER. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company C, 27th New York Infantry. Letter from Harrison's Landing, Virginia, discussing Army of the Potomac's performance during the Seven Days Battles and the strength of the Confederate Army and providing favorable descriptions of camp health, rations, and recruiting. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-038.
BUTLER, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1818-1893). NOTEBOOK, [1865?]. 0.2 cu. ft. Union Army major general during the Civil War. Handwritten book-length draft manuscript providing a very critical view of the military leadership and personal character of General Ulysses S. Grant. Attributed to Butler, though evidence suggests a different author, possibly Union Army Brigadier General Gustave Paul Cluseret. Accompanied by typed transcript. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms90-060.
BUSHEE, CHARLES H. (1828-1863). DIARY, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in Rupert, Bennington County, Vermont. Carpenter in Mayville, NY. Enlisted with the 112th Regiment, New York Infantry, in August 1962 and served until his death from illness in South Carolina, November 1863. Diary includes observations on picket duty, skirmishes, and battles in central and eastern Virginia, as well as the coast of South Carolina. Also contains cash accounts and a list of dead or wounded in the company. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-055.
CALKINS, F. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 2nd Massachusetts Artillery. Letter written to "Dear Friend" from Newbern, North Carolina, September 10, 1863. Calkins exalts the power of Christ, and despairs that his fellow soldiers "care only for things that are low and devilish and seek only to gratify their lusts and passions." Ms89-045.
CALLAGHAN, JOHN PATRICK. COLLECTION, 1863-1864. 1.3 cu. ft. Harper's Weekly was published by Harper and Brothers from 1857 to 1916. In 1916, it merged with The Independent, which in turn, merged with a series of publications. Harper's Weekly resumed circulation under its original title in 1974. This collection consists of two bound volumes of Harper's Weekly, covering January-August of 1863 and January-December of 1864. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-065.
[CAMP OF THE 11TH NEW YORK BATTERY LETTER, 1864.] 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from an unidentified soldier writing from the camp of the 11th New York Battery on February 9, 1864, to "Dear Hattie." The soldier, a lieutenant, must have placed an advertisement in a lonely hearts section of a magazine or newspaper, and this letter is his response to Hattie's reply. Admits that he embellished his description in the advertisement to attract an answer. Transcript available. Ms91-068.
CAMPBELL, DONALD. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Co. K, 12th Regiment [New York State Militia?]. Letter to his mother from Camp Anderson, Washington D. C. Writes of the regiment being mustered into U. S. service, conditions around Washington D. C., and relations with the local civilian population. Civil War Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
CAMPBELL, L. LETTER, 1867. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Keene, New Hampshire. Letter to "Mrs. Corbitt" from Campbell, written March 31, 1867, where he notes that he just came from seeing Mrs. Corbitt's brother's grave, who possibly died in the Civil War. Ms91-061.
CANDLER, WILLIAM LATHAM. LETTERS, 1861-63. 14 items. Officer in Company A of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment, Army of the Potomac, from Brookline, Massachusetts. Enlisted on May 25, 1861, as a 1st Lieutenant and promoted to Captain and Aide-de-Camp, U.S. Volunteers, when he served on General Joseph Hooker's staff from November 1862 until his resignation from service in May 1863. Collection consists of fourteen letters written by Candler to his uncle Charles [probably maternal uncle Charles Henry Wheelwright] or his brother John W. Candler of Boston, dated from between September 8, 1861, to February 15, 1863. The letters are articulate and descriptive, replete with Candler's strong opinions about the state of the Union, the abilities of the generals (Union and Confederate) who were running the war and the politicians were were running the country, and his own ambitions for advancing in rank and status in the army. Writes descriptively about the Army of the Potomac's participation in the Battle of Mechanicsville (June 1962) and the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Finding aid with links to transcripts and images (jpgs) available through the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1997-007.
CAPERTON FAMILY. PAPERS, 1861-62. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of transcripts of letters written by Mary Elizabeth Henderson Caperton of Nelson County, Virginia, to her husband George Henry Caperton, a soldier in the 1st Virginia Regiment of Mounted Volunteers (also known as the 30th Virginia Volunteers Mounted). Mary Caperton wrote most of the letters from White Thorn, in Blacksburg, Virginia, while staying with Sarah Ann Caperton Preston, her husband's sister, while her husband served in the Confederate Army. She writes of various members of the Preston family, fears that the slaves will rise up in rebellion, and Dr. Harvey Black. Collection also includes a copy of George Caperton's diary written in late 1861 while he was ill. Ms91-034.
CARBONE, JOHN S. MANUSCRIPT THESIS, 1984. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Bristol, Tennessee. Collection consists of a photocopy of "Early Coastal Operations in North Carolina During the Civil War: A Study of Lost Opportunities," Carbone's 1984 senior thesis written in partial fulfillment of a Bachelor of Arts with Honors in History from the College of William and Mary. Ms99-002.
CARNAHAN, JOHN NEWTON (1824-1862). LETTERS, 1861-1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Pulaski County, Virginia; private in Company F, 54th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Letters written from camps in Southwest Virginia and eastern Kentucky to wife Juliette Sophia Calfee Carnahan and children at home in Pulaski County. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-112.
CARPENTER, HENRY C. (d. 1864). LETTERS, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in Bland County, Virginia. Corporal in Company H, 45th Virginia Infantry. Papers consist of seven letters from Carpenter to his sister Elizabeth, written between February 1862 and June 1864 while encamped in the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia; Monroe County, West Virginia; Saltville, Virginia; and Harrisonburg, Virginia. Participated in the Battle of Cloyd's Farm in May 1864. Died in Woodstock, Virginia, on October 6, 1864. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1996-008.
CARR, JAMES. LETTERS, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 56th New York Regiment. Collection consists of two letters written by Carr and Thomas Clark, also of the 56th New York Regiment, in June 1862 from near the Chicahominy River, Virginia. Both letters are to a man named Robert. Carr's letter describes in detail the regiment's involvement in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Seven Oaks. Ms90-035.
CASON, JOHN R. (ca. 1843-1909). PAPERS, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Third Lieutenant in the 17th Mississippi Infantry, captured during the Battle of Gettysburg and one of the "Immortal 600" used as human shields during the assault on Charleston. Ledger book containing lists of prisoners he met during his imprisonment, including a list of the Immortal 600, and letters fellow prisoners wrote to him. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-026.
CASSEL, JACOB. PAPERS, 1865-1881. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate landowner from Smyth County, Virginia. Materials relate to Cassel's business, his community involvement, and the Civil War, and include a signed oath of allegiance from 1865. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2008-086.
CASSELL, CHARLES M. (b. abt. 1842). LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Enlisted as a private with the 4th Virginia Reserves; later promoted to Sergeant. Collection consists of a letter to his aunt in Wytheville, Virginia, describing living conditions at Camp Dublin, his desire for a furlough, Confederate and Union desertions, as well as attempts to retrieve the deserters. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-018.
CAVALRYMAN'S CORRESPONDENCE, 1861. Two letters written by "Mark," a Confederate cavalryman, to his father. The first is dated June 26, 1861, from Orange County Courthouse in Orange County, Va., and the second is dated August 19, 1861, from Leesburg, Va. Both letters detail camp life, cavalry unit activities, and general war news. Finding aid available on Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-020.
CHACKY, A. M. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Wharton's Division of the Valley Army of Virginia. Writing from Fishersville, Augusta County, Virginia. Letter to Chacky's brother predicting the war would end in the spring and giving an account of tricking a provost guard into letting him on the train to Fishersville. Ms89-007.
CHAILLÉ, STANFORD E. (1830-1911). COLLECTION, 1860-1903. Confederate surgeon general of Louisiana and later surgeon and medical inspector of the Confederate Army of Tennessee (1882). Dean of Tulane University Medical School (1885-1908). Letters, government-issued documents, printed material, and two photo albums. Covers the Union occupation of New Orleans, postwar elections, Dr. Chaillé's medical career, and Chaillé genealogy. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-031.
CHAMBERS, CHARLES E. PAPERS, 1991-94. 0.2 cu. ft. Obsolete title. Now cataloged as a book, Virginia Confederates in Texas (E548 .C436 1991 Civil War Spec). Ms91-030.
CHARLTON FAMILY. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Waddy C. Charlton (1839-1920), Montgomery County, Virginia native and soldier in the 4th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Photocopy of letter to Charlton from unidentified brother in Christiansburg, Virginia. Mentions family matters, local crop conditions, the local movement of troops aboard trains, the prospects of a Confederate invasion of Washington D.C. and Maryland, and military activities in northwestern Virginia. Part of the CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
CHARLTON FAMILY. PAPERS, 1853-1958. 0.2 cu. ft. Residents of Christiansburg (Montgomery County), Virginia. Civil War-era letters of Davidson W. L. Charlton and his sons Milton (54th Virginia Infantry), James P. and Pembroke (both of the 4th Virginia Infantry); and nephew Waddy C. Charlton (also of the 4th), all written to family friend Oliver H. P. Carden. Also includes other correspondence, legal/financial documents, and ephemera. Transcripts available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1980-001.
CHOATE FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE,1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Allegheny County, North Carolina, brothers--William T., S.J., and J.W.--who served for the Confederacy. William enlisted in Company I, 61st North Carolina Regiment, and S.J. and J.W. enlisted in Company F, 22nd North Carolina Regiment. All died in the war. Papers consist of photocopies of thirty-two letters written among the brothers to each other and to Martha Choate, wife of William. Includes a letter to Martha from James Radcliffe, informing her of her husband's death. Ms85-016.
[CIVIL WAR LETTER, 1863]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written to the editor of a newspaper, Major Harper, by Maria S. encouraging ladies of "Raymond and vicinity" to contribute to efforts to sew undergarments, stockings, and mattresses for soldiers serving in the Civil War. Also includes coversheet which has "West Point April 20, 1863" written on it. Ms2009-021.
CIVIL WAR PICTORIAL ENVELOPE. c. 1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Hand painted-lithographic envelope depicting Union soldiers on horseback fending off Confederate soldiers on foot. Published by Charles Magnus of New York. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-088.
CIVIL WAR POETRY. c.1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection of six handwritten poems said to have been composed during the Civil War and including works entitled "The Contraband" and "The Southern Girls Song," the latter signed by M. M. Williams; together with a writing case bearing the embossed title "Soldiers Home Companion." Images are available on the VT Imagebase. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
CIVIL WAR SMALL MANUSCRIPTS. COLLECTION, 1861-1996. 0.5 cu. ft. Collection created from individual small (1- to 2-folder) manuscripts, containing such items as letters, diaries, reminiscences, and ephemera relating to various aspects of the Civil War. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2003-014.
CLENDENING, ABRAM (d. 1864). LETTERS, 1863-67. 0.1 cu. ft. Six letters from or about Clendening and his brothers, all soldiers in the Union Army. Clendening and his family were from Mill Creek, West Virginia, but he and his brothers emigrated to Ohio when they refused to fight for the Confederacy. Clendening enlisted in the 5th Ohio Sharpshooters in December 1863. He died in May 1984 from a gunshot wound at Hallowell's Landing, Alabama. Letters by Glendening focus on his reasons for not fighting with the Confederacy, and after his death the letters by friends and family focus on his death and the location of his grave. Transcripts available. Ms91-067.
CLEVELAND, ALVA (b.1805).CLEVELAND, ALVA (b. 1805). DIARY, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in New York, settled family in Illinois, then Wisconsin. Union soldier and orderly with the 1st Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry (1861-1862). Collection includes a Civil War diary from March to July 1862. Entries detail camp life, experiences with Union and Confederate supporters in Tennessee, Alabama, and Kentucky. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage databse. Ms2009-113.
CLIFTON, ALLEN J. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier from Easton, Pennsylvania. Two letters written March and April 1863, to his sister and brother from a convalescent camp in Virginia. Writes about examinations for those being discharged. Ms89-072.
CLOSE, HENRY. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a letter by Close, telling of his recent illness (typhoid) and the lack of good wages for work. He also complains about Lincoln and the Civil War, shares some local war news, and describes his desire to avoid military service. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-024.
COCHRAN FAMILY. LETTERS, 1860-61. 0.1 cu. ft. Augusta County, Virginia, family. Collection consists of fourteen letters written predominently by John H. Cochran in Richmond, Virginia, in the months between the election of Abraham Lincoln as U.S. President and the beginning of the Civil War. Cochran's letters, all to his mother in Augusta County, give a detailed and elequent description of the events and feelings of the time, and show his intense loyalty to the Confederate cause. Cochran also wrote in the early months of the war as a private in Company A of the Wise Legion. Collection also includes letters from Cochran's brother, Benjamin Franklin ("Frank") Cochran, who was a private in Company E of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Transcripts available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1992-032.
COE, MILES WASHINGTON (1833-1907). PAPERS, 1859-1920 (Bulk 1862-1865). 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in Co. C, 42nd Regiment of the Indiana Infantry. Collection consists of Coe's marriage certificate to Mary Webb, correspondence between Coe and his family during his military service, and papers concerning Coe's civil war pension. Ms1996-009.
COGHILL, EDWIN R. (1842-1925). COLLECTION, ca. 1864-1970. 0.2 cu. ft. Sergeant in Company E ("Caroline Greys"), 30th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Personal account of war activities from 1861 to 1864; post-war roster for Company E, and booklet commemorating anniversary of memorial service held for General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson at Bethel Baptist Church and containing transcript of Coghill's war memoir. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Images available in PDF format. Ms2009-058.
COHN, JACOB. DIARY, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company A, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War. Brief diary entries note company's movements and battle participation, including descriptions of battles of Piedmont and New Market and a list of those killed at New Market. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-002.
COLBURN, RICHARD (d. 1907). DIARY, 1861-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier of the 12th Infantry, Army of the Potomac. Entries include details of camp life, daily activities, battles, and experience as a POW of the confederate army.Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-010.
COLCOCK, ADELAIDE. LETTERS, 1863-c.1870. 0.1 cu. ft. Letters written to Adelaide Colcock from 1863 through c.1870. Collection includes three letters from her father, William F. Colcock, a prominent lawyer and member of the South Carolina House of Representatives, two letters from her sister Minnie, and one from her cousin Charles Colcock. Adelaide Colcock was born September 3, 1858 and died August 1946. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-002.
COLEMAN, BEVERLY. VIDEOTAPE, n.d. 1 item. Videotape of Admiral Beverly Coleman giving a lecture on Col. John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916), his grandfather, a Confederate ranger, born in Powhatan County, Virginia. Mosby enlisted in the cavalry for the Confederacy, and participated in the Bull Run campaign. Later practiced law in Warrenton, Virginia. Published Mosby's War Reminiscences, And Stuart's Cavalry Campaigns (1887). Ms87-051.
COLEY, MARY. LETTERS, 1851-76. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of twenty-four letters to Mary Coley of New Haven, Connecticut, from family and friends. The majority of the letters are from her mother Sarah M. Everitt of New Haven, and her sister Isabelle of New York City. Many of the letters written during the Civil War years refer to war-related events (return of the volunteers, the battle of Gettysburg) but the letters mostly concentrate on children, family matters, illness, and deaths. Ms91-065.
COMPANY E, 12th REGIMENT MICHIGAN INFANTRY. DOCUMENTS, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Three documents pertaining to Company E, 12th Regiment Michigan Infantry. Written in the fourth quarter of 1965, this collection includes a Statement of Charges on Muster and Pay Rolls; a Quarterly Return of Ordinance and Ordnance Stores Received, Issued, and Remaining on Hand; an Abstract of Expenditures; and an Invoice of Stores Turned Over. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-015.
COMPTON, JOHN R. LETTERS, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Colonel commanding the 198th Virginia Militia. Three notes, possibly from a copybook, signed by Compton. Two notes certify that Drs. Mitchel Kegley and William E. Hoge had served the regiment as surgeons, while the third directs Hoge to obtain payrolls while in Richmond. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
"THE CONFEDERACY." PERFORMANCE PROGRAM, 1958. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection contains the 1958 performance program of "The Confederacy." The show ran in Virginia Beach, Virginia, from 1958-1959. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2011-112.
CONFEDERATE CURRENCY, c.1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Two notes issued by the Confederate government during the Civil War: a 20-dollar bill bearing the likeness of Vice President Alexander Stephens and a 100-dollar bill featuring portraits of Lucy Pickens (wife of South Carolina's governor) and George Randolph (CSA cabinet member). CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. WAR DEPARTMENT. ACCOUNT SHEETS, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Two account statements each for costs of travel of E.W. Hubard and L.W. Hastings. Both are signed by James A. Sedden, Secretary of War for the Confederacy. Ms55-002.
CONFEDERATE VETERAN REUNION SCHEDULE, 1934. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection contains the "Schedule of Events" for a Confederate Veterans Reunion. The reunion lasted from June 6-8, 1934 and took place in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2011-111.
CONRAD, THOMAS NELSON (1837-1905). BOOK MANUSCRIPT, 1891-93. 0.4 cu. ft. Born in Fairfax Court House, Virginia; and graduated from Dickinson College in 1857. During the war he served as a captain in the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (later Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) from 1882 to 1886. Papers consist of the original manuscript of The Rebel Scout: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life In the Southern Army, written by Conrad from 1891 to 1893, and published in 1904. Ms89-095.
CONVERSE, HENRY A. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lawyer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Letter written December 12-14, 1863, to his aunt, Mary B. Haralson of Longmeadow, Massachusetts. Writes that since he opened up his office a month before business has been very slow but he hopes that it will pick up at the close of the war, as it did after the War of 1812. If business remains bad he might try to write for the daily papers or tutor private pupils. Comments on the bad state of Confederate currency, the rising cost of hiring a substitute for soldiering, and that bounties should be offered to promote volunteering. Ms89-108.
CONWAY, CATLETT. CORRESPONDENCE, 1892-1920. 0.3 cu. ft. Virginia native, Confederate soldier, and later businessman. Collection includes Conway's letters to his half-brother, Dr. William Conway, living in Athens, Georgia. In addition to contemporary matters, Catlett Conway writes about his Civil War experiences. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-039.
J. E. COOLEY [NEW YORK]. ADVERTISING BROADSIDE, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Single-page advertising flyer for J. E. Cooley, merchant, New York, NY, dated 1863. Flyer lists prices for a wide range of grocery items, including cheese, butter, fruits, grains, poultry and "sundries." Prices are handwritten alongside item listings. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-007.
CORBIN, S. WELLFORD. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant in the Confederate States Navy. Captured by the Union forces in June 1864, during the Petersburg Assaults, and sent to the Officer's Prison at Fort Delaware, Delaware. Paroled in February 1865. Resident of Virginia; after the war he taught at the Virginia Military Institute and was a Virginia state senator. Letter written January 29, 1865, to Mrs. Emily S. Brune of Baltimore, Maryland, from Corbin as a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware. Thanks her for the Christmas gifts and mentions several mutual friends in Charlottesville and Richmond, Virginia. Ms89-063.
COTTINGIM, M. M. (d.1862). DIARY, 1962. 0.1 cu. ft. Private with Company A, 2nd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry; wounded at Antietam, 9/17/1862; died at Frederick, MD, from injuries, 11/18/1862. Collection consists of Cottingim's diary from April-October, including regiment's travels through Virginia and Maryland. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-033.
COWARDIN, AILEEN B. FRIENDSHIP BOOK, 1863-1870. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a friendship book collected and maintained by Aileen B. Cowardin. The book includes leaf and plant samples, most of which are labeled as to the location where they were found. Finding aid available online. Ms2011-104.
COX, ISAAC (1843-1925). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Carroll County, Va., resident; private, later corporal, with Co. F, 29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Collection includes a letter from Isaac Cox, 29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, dated June 29, 1862. A private, and later corporal, Cox writes to his wife about recent regiment activities and travels; letter was written on paper decorated with cut out designs. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-071.
CREELMAN, SAMUEL A. PAPERS, 1861-1906(?). 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in Company A, 101st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Collection consists of eleven letters written by Creelman to his family from various camps in Virginia. After the war Creelman scratched out passages that were religious in nature from several of the letters, when he renounced Christianity. Also included is an address by Creelman to have been read at his funeral, obituaries, and Collections of a Coffee Cooler, written by Creelman in 1889 about his war experiences, especially his capture at Plymouth, North Carolina, and his subsequent imprisonment at Andersonville, Georgia, and Florence, South Carolina. Ms84-178.
CREWELL, PHILIP. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from Crewell, a soldier in the Union Army, writing to his brother on May 7, 1861, from Albany, New York. Crewell praises his fellow soldiers and is eager to fight the rebels. Transcript available. Ms91-070.
CRONKHITE, JAMES H. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 4th Minnesota Volunteer Regiment. Four letters written from June to August, 1862, to his wife in Warsaw, Rice County, Minnesota, from camps and a division hospital in Mississippi. Writes that the war should soon be over because of the enemy's lack of resources. He also writes about his attack of cholera and the resulting stay in the hospital, and why he believes it is better to be a first lieutenant than a captain. Ms89-062.
CRUSH, CHARLES W. PAPERS, 1795-1946. 1.0 cu. ft. Montgomery County, Virginia, judge and local historian, author of The Montgomery County Story (1957). Papers include Crush's files on Confederate gravesites in Montgomery County (1931-38); Montgomery County World War II casualties (1941-46); Company 161, Virginia Reserve Militia (1944-45); and the 150th anniversary of Christiansburg, Virginia (1945). Also includes bills from Montgomery County businesses (1809-80); a ledger book of James Hoge; lists of tithables (1799-1813); and typescript copies of court house records of Montgomery and Fincastle counties from the late 1700s. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms84-180.
CULVER, JOSHUA W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63, 1877-99. 0.1 cu. ft. Eight letters of a Union soldier, written in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania; and four letters written to and from other Culver family members. Transcripts available. Ms82-004.
CUNNINGHAM, DAVID. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier. Letter written April 26, 1865, from Berkley's Station, Virginia, to Mrs. A.E. Young. Tells Mrs. Young that reports of him getting killed are false, and were probably created by the "Copperheads," or Northern Democrats who opposed the Union's war policy. Ms89-060.
CURWIN, STEPHEN (b.1839). DISCHARGE PAPERS, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Union Soldier from Mifflin County, Pennsylvania; farrier; private in the 45th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry. Collection consists of Curwin's discharge papers due to illness in 1862. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-029.
CUSHING, H.D. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 15th Maine Infantry Regiment. Letters to his mother and wife from New Orleans, Louisiana; Pensacola, Florida; and a hospital in Readville, Massachusetts. Ms88-067.
DAVIS, HOMER E. PAPERS, c.1861-2000. 16 cu. ft. Resident of Kensington, Maryland, and a Civil War history enthusiast. Collection consists largely of photographs (more than 12,000) which were taken while documenting the gravesites of Civil War generals. (Also included are photographs of the gravesites of many other people prominent in U. S. military, political, legal, business, entertainment, art and literary history.) Complementing the photographs are Davis' research files on cemeteries and individuals. The collection also contains materials from various historical organizations (particularly District of Columbia area Civil War roundtables); Civil War printed materials and memorabilia (including relics) and personal materials. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2001-051.
DAWSON, JOHN HARPER (ca.1915-2002). BOOK MANUSCRIPT, [1981?]. 0.1 cu. ft. Author, retired president of Adrian College. Typescript draft of Dawson's book, Wildcat Cavalry: a Synoptic History of the Seventeenth Virginia Cavalry Regiment of the Jenkins-McCausland Brigade in the War Between the States. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-005.
DEAN, OTIS (1821-1907). DIARY, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company E, 56 Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Concise diary entries describe mostly routine personal and unit activities, but also include mention of several battles and other significant war-related events.Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-010.
DEANE, F. B. JR. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Pulaski, Virginia resident; partner in Deane & Son Foundry. Collection consists of a letter from Deane to General John Echols, requesting permission to ship pork by rail. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-059.
DENISON, CHARLES NEWTIN. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Medical student in Cincinnati, Ohio, writing to his brother on December 22, 1861. Comments on his fellow medical students, his work on cadavers, and operations he has observed. Ms91-020.
DERRICK, CLARENCE (1837-1907). LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written to President Andrew Johnson by Clarence Derrick, Lt. Colonel with the 23rd Battalion Virginia Infantry, when he was a prisoner of war in the military prison at Fort Delaware. Letter is dated June 17th, 1865, and asked that Derrick be released from prison and given amnesty. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-014.
DEUEL, HERBERT. CIVIL WAR COLLECTION, 1864-1866, n.d. 0.7 cu. ft. Soldier with the 17th Regiment, Michigan Infantry(?-1865); clerk at Citizen's Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1864-1865). Collection includes diaries, battlefield artifacts, and printed ephemera related to Deuel's service in battle and at the hospital. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1999-004.
DI CARLO, GUY JR. CIVIL WAR RESEARCH PAPERS, 1862-2002, n.d. 25.2 cu. ft. Civil War enthusiast of New Jersey. Collection consists of newsletters, newspaper clippings, photocopies from published literature, maps, brochures, calendars, and other collected literature on a multitude of Civil War topics. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1995-015.
DORROH, JOHN A. (?-1862). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Co. G, 3rd South Carolina Infantry; killed at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Letter written April 11, 1862, while recuperating on a plantation near Charlottesville, Virginia. Transcript available. Ms91-069.
DOUGLAS, HENRY KYD (1838-1903). LETTER, 1871. 0.1 cu. ft. Hagerstown, Maryland attorney and former Confederate staff officer. Letter to William P. Maulsby of Frederick, Maryland, concerning the case of Fiery et al v. Emmert et al, a suit between two groups of stockholders in the Antietam Manufacturing Company. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-023.
DOYLE, GEORGE F. SCRAPBOOK, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Patriotic scrapbook compiled by a Charleston, Massachusetts, resident, containing Union songsheets, mourning cards, patriotic covers, and cartoons. Much of the information relates to Colonel Ephram E. Ellsworth whose death in May 1861 caused a great upswell in patriotic sentiment in the North. Ms89-096.
DUNCAN, WILLIAM E. COPYBOOK, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate assistant quartermaster at Giles Court House, Virginia. Copybook containing requisitions issued and letters written by Duncan. Many of the letters are written on behalf of Brigadier General Henry Heth and concern such matters as supplies for local regiments, while others relate to postal service and transportation. A few items mention military combat in the New River Valley area. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
DURHAM, L.S. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in Company B of the 34th Virginia Infantry. Letter to his wife from Camp Randolph, September 7, 1863, with references to the strength of the enemy and the horrors of war. Ms88-070.
DUSTIN, J. K. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier. Letter written from Hammond U.S. General Hospital in Beaufort, North Carolina, April 26, 1864. Writes about reaction to the ship battle at Plymouth, North Carolina, April 20, 1864. Transcript available. Ms88-087.
DWIGHT, G. LYMAN (1841-75). CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant, then Captain, in the Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Artillery. Three letters written from camps in Maryland and Virginia to "Saint Helena," or Sarah Helen Whitman of Providence, Rhode Island. Writes that the autumnal coloring in the South is very disappointing compared to that in the North and that he was in command of the battery while the captain was in Providence. Ms89-101.
EARHART, DAVID G. (1834-1862). CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63. .75 li ft. Thirty letters written by David Earhart of Montgomery County to his wife, parents, slaves, and sister while he was serving in the Stonewall Jackson Brigade, 4th Virginia Infantry, Company L. Also included are a letter David Earhart's wife, Mary Caddell Earhart of Dublin, Virginia, received regarding recovery of David Earhart's body after he was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville; images of Mary and David Earhart, and a few items of additional family correspondence. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2002-017.
EDDY FAMILY. LETTERS, 1857-81. 0.2 cu. ft. Family in Troy, New York. Collection consists of thirty-two letters, mostly from Union soldiers, to the daughters of the family. Also includes two photographs of unidentified Union soldiers. Unprocessed. Ms90-063.
EISEMAN, JOHN. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 133rd New York Volunteer Regiment in the Civil War. Two letters written April 11 and 18, 1863, from Berwick City, Louisiana, and "on the march," to his parents. Eiseman describes skirmishes in Port Hudson and Franklin, Louisiana, and the actions of Major-General Nathaniel Banks. Ms89-049.
ELLETT FAMILY. PAPERS, 1865-1961. 0.2 cu. ft. Montgomery County, Virginia, family. Papers consist of approximately thirty-five items of correspondence (1865-67) from Dr.Robert Thaddeus Ellett (1826-1904), who served as an assistant surgeon in White Sulphur Springs, Virginia, for the Confederate States Army, to Sue French of Pearisburg, Virginia, who would later become his wife; and his medical accounts book (1867-72). Collection also includes genealogical information about the Ellett and French families in the form of photographs, newspaper clippings, and essays. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms88-047.
ELLIOTT FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864-71. 0.1 cu. ft. Three Hanover County, Virginia, brothers who served the Confederacy. Thomas A. and Joshua L. Elliott served in the 24th Virginia Infantry; Odin B. Elliott served in Company G of the 34th Virginia Infantry. All of their letters are to Mary F. Page of Hanover County. Thomas and Joshua write Mary in 1864 from various camps in North Carolina. Joshua comments that he believes it is "General Lee's intention to pay the Pennsylvanians a visit" and that he thinks Lee will "invite us to acompany him on his visit as we are his pets." Thomas displays romantic interest in Mary and was angry that his furlough was "disapproved" for "it made me mad to think that I was deprived of being with the one I love." In 1866 Odin writes Mary from Roanoke County, Virginia, wanting his letters and a ring back after she led him on about marriage. Also includes a letter Mary wrote in 1871 from an insane asylum in Williamsburg, Virginia, to her sister, Elizabeth Mallory, telling of her desperate situation. Transcripts available. Ms90-021.
EMMONI, GEORGE M. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Obsolete title. See EMMONS, GEORGE W. LETTER. Ms91-008.
EMMONS, GEORGE W. (b. 1840). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company C, 12th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War, detailed as hospital steward. Letter written August 2, 1863, from White Oak Hospital (Dinwiddie County, Virginia), to Mrs. Louisa Traylor about money left to him by a dying soldier that he intends to send to her. Ms91-008.
EMOND, JAMES C.V. PAPERS, 1841-1987. 4.5 cu. ft. Carroll County, Virginia, resident, and minister of Fairlawn Church of Christ in the 1970s. Files consist of photographs; maps; newspapers and newspaper clippings of local papers, including the Carroll News; correspondence; and research notes created or collected by Emond while doing research on the history of Carroll County. Also includes financial statements and sermon programs from Fairlawm Church of Christ, copies of papers documenting the county's formation (1841), materials on the county before white settlers arrived in the area and during the Civil War, and information about the Galax "Old Fiddler's Annual Convention." Unprocessed. Ms91-026.
ENRIGHT, JOHN COLLINS (1837-1900). LETTERS, 1861-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. First sergeant in Company A, 18th Virginia Infantry. Transcripts, made by Enright's wife, of his war-time letters, written from camps in northern and eastern Virginia. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms96-021.
ESTES, LUDMILL. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Post office worker in Columbia, Tennessee. Letter written May 12, 1861, to his brother, W.I.A. Estes in Corinth, Tennessee. Writes of the confusion in switching the postal system from Federal to Confederate and rumors that the Union army intends to tear up the railroad. Ms89-064.
EVANS FAMILY. LETTERS, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Family of Illinois and Wisconsin. Consists of three letters from the sister and brothers of William Evans, a Union soldier in the 6th Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers, Company B, stationed in Washington, D.C. Transcripts available. Ms93-015.
EVANS, WASHINGTON C. (c.1833-1864). LETTERS, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Essex County, Virginia and private in Co. F, 9th Virginia Cavalry, killed near Malvern Hill. Photocopies and transcripts of two letters to Evans' sister, written from camps in the Richmond-Petersburg area, concerning local and camp conditions, military operations and personal matters. Accompanied by photocopies of a letter from Isaac J. Mercer regarding Evans' death, a newspaper death notice and a carte-de-visite of Evans. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
FEILD, H. [HUME]. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from a Confederate surgeon, writing from the General Hospital in Petersburg, Virginia, to "my esteemed friend." Feild writes on January 5, 1865, about the suffering in the land and the cries of the wounded. Additional letters from Feild may be found in the Henry Clay Sommerville Letters (Ms91-045). Ms92-039.
FENWICK CIVIL WAR MATERIALS COLLECTION, c.1863-1865. 0.2 cu. ft. Civil War-related materials inherited by Edward G. and Dorothea Little Vanderslice Fenwick. Collection contains correspondence of John Newton Smith, a private in Company I, 13th Virginia Cavalry and a sketchbook of Charles Gulager, a private in Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Images from the Gulager sketchbook are available on the VT Imagebase. Ms2001-042.
15TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY. HISTORY, 1861-1864. 0.1 cu.ft. History of the 15th Virginia Infantry written by an enlisted solder, Claybrook Y. Lain, covering the period from 1861 to 1862. Discusses Battle at Bethel Church, the merit of individual companies, the dearth of supplies, and alcohol use, among other topics. Includes reproductions of Confederate records concerning Lain's military career and his eventual death. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-111.
FILTZMOYER, JOHN (b. abt. 1803). DAMAGE CLAIM, 1865. Filtzmoyer was landowner in Shenandoah County, Virginia. Collection consists of a claim for damages by several Confederate cavalry units, mostly the use of wood and pasture lands, including two witness accounts and an appraisal. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-016.
FISHER, CONRAD C. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Corporal in the 76th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Company B. Letter from Fisher written January 2, 1865, to his cousin Nancy Jane Cozard of Mercer County, Pennsylvania. Writes about an expedition to South Carolina his regiment made by sea where all the men had lice. Ms91-064.
FITTING, MINNIE ADAMS. "THE PAST IS NEVER LOST," [n.d.] 0.1 cu. ft. Mimeographed typescript biography of Richard Henry Adams, Jr. (1841-1896). Adams served in the 5th Alabama Infantry and 51st Alabama Infantry, then later as an engineer under General Wheeler before being captured at Mt. Pleasant Tennessee in 1863. Adams became one of the "Immortal 600" prisoners-of-war held on Morris Island, South Carolina in 1864. He was released from prison in June, 1865. Biography includes lengthy excerpts from Adams' journals. Part of the CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
FLOYD, JOHN B. (1806-63). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Major-general of the Virginia state troops in the war. Born in Montgomery County, Virginia. Governor of Virginia, 1848-52. Secretary of War, 1857-60. Commissioned a Confederate brigadier general in May 1861 and served in the West Virginia campaign under Gen. Robert E. Lee. Commissioned a major general in March 1862. Letter written from Camp Jackson in Wytheville, Virginia, to L.P. Walker. Concerns a West Point cadet, B.A. Tirrett(?) from Louisiana, wanted a position as a Confederate officer. Ms89-015.
[FORT SEDGWICK, VIRGINIA, LETTER, 1863]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written December 26, 1863, from a Union soldier to his brother about his efforts to pass the time, and the bounty and furlough promised to those who reenlist. Ms89-073.
41ST UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS. MUSTER ROLL, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Muster roll for Company A of the regiment, providing soldiers' names, dates, places, and periods of enlistment, pay status, and notes. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-060.
FOSTER, JACK. LETTER, 1883. 0.1 cu. ft. Former slave and body servant in the 36th Virginia Infantry. Letter written to former Confederate General John McCausland, reminiscing about the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain and Foster's time in camp service. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-018.
FOSTER, LAFAYETTE SABINE (1806-80). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. United States Senator (1855-67) from Connecticut. Letter written by Foster on June 9, 1862, from his Senate Chambers in Washington, D.C., to Fitz-John Porter (1822-1901), commander of the Army of the Potomac. Foster congratulates Porter on his successes during skirmishes with the Confederate Army at Hanover Court House and Ashland, Virginia, the month before. Transcript available. Ms91-044.
FOSTER, SAMUEL D. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing August 17, 1864, from Louisville, Kentucky, to a friend. Describes conditions at the Confederate prison in Danville, Virginia, where he was recently held as a prisoner of war. Notes the behavior of the guards and the quality of the food. Ms90-001.
FOWLKES, HENRY M. (1830-87). LETTERS, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Chesterfield and Montgomery counties in Virginia. Collection consists of two letters from Fowlkes to his children. The first was written in Winter Park, Chesterfield County, on October 6, 1863, to his young daughters, describing his life with and the death of his recently deceased wife. The second was written on October 12, 1865, from Greenhead, Montgomery County, as a farewell before what he believed would be his death. Transcripts available. Ms80- 004.
FRANKLIN, JAMES C. (1836-?). LETTER, 1863. 0.1. cu. ft. Soldier in 57th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Letter to wife Susan, in Galveston (Pittsylvania County), Virginia, describing a recent, difficult march through rain and snow near Fredericksburg, recounting a massive snowball fight between Toombs' and Cross' brigades, and advising his brother to bring a surgeon's certificate when he returns to duty. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-076.
FRENCH FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Six letters from three brothers who were soldiers in New Hampshire infantries. All the letters were written to their sister from various camps and hospitals in Maryland, Kentucky, and Virginia. Elias French of the 11th New Hampshire Regiment writes of seeing a Confederate balloon bound for Washington, D.C., and about general fighting. John French writes from a Louisville, Kentucky, hospital, describing his wounds. Henry French, also of the 11th New Hampshire Infantry, writes about the great increase in Rebel deserters. Ms89-102.
FRENCH, WARREN (ca.1822-1879). COPYBOOK, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain of Company A, 42nd Massachusetts Volunteer Militia during the Civil War. Copies of muster rolls; clothing, ordnance and equipage reports; special and general orders; and memoranda pertaining to the 42nd. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-009.
GALE, DUDLEY. LETTER, 1862, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry during the Civil War. Two letters, one written on December 5, 1862, from Gale in New Orleans, Louisiana, and the other on July 23, year unknown, from an unknown place. Both are to his mother in Salisbury Point, Massachusetts. Writes about a recent illness he suffered and a friend with whom he enlisted, who is now going home, and his happiness that a furlough home is pending. Ms92-014.
GALLAHER, WILLIAM B. PAPERS, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company E, First Regiment Virginia Cavalry. Papers consist of a document confirming Gallaher's promotion from private to lieutenant (August 1861), and letters written by Gallaher to his parents (May and July, 1861). One of the letters was written from Manassas, Virginia, two days before the Battle of First Bull Run, July 1861. Transcripts available. Ms91-062.
GARDNER, C.B. TREASURY LEDGER, 1863-64. 0.1 cu. ft. 100 pages. Notebook with accounts kept by "Dr. C.B. Gardner Depository of the Treasury in a/c with the Treasury of the Confederate States" of Christiansburg, Virginia, giving date of deposit, by whom deposited, kind of stock, and amount. Also gives a "list showing the names of persons to whom certificates were given for treasury notes deposited for funding under the Act of 17th Febry 1864" giving date of deposit, name of depositor, number of certificates, and amount. Ms84-001.
GARRETT, SAMUEL EDWIN (c.1835-1865). LETTERS, 1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Cumberland County, Virginia; served in Co. G, 3rd Virginia Cavalry and killed in action at Five Forks, Virginia. Photocopies of letters to wife, Emma, from various camps in Virginia and West Virginia. Discusses family matters, the Southern cause, camp conditions, and military operations, particularly the Gettysburg campaign and the final battles around Richmond and Petersburg. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
GAY FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Letters among James, T.K., and Calvin Gay, Union soldiers from South Auburn, Sesquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Five letters written from various camps in Virginia, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Maryland. In one T.K. writes a humorous account of his camp's reaction to a false alarm of a possible Rebel attack. Ms88-088.
[GEORGETOWN, D.C., LETTER, 1865]. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 109th New York Volunteer Regiment. Letter written from "Cousin Charley" in Georgetown in Washington, D.C., on May 7, 1865, to Mary Ashley of Speedsville, New York. Comments on the war's end, his viewing the remains of President Abraham Lincoln and his belief that he would soon be mustered out of service. Partial transcript available. Ms91-042.
GIFFORD, H.J. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 2nd Division 6th New York Corps. Letter written February 20, 1864, from division headquarters at Brandy Station, Virginia, to Sarah L. (Lyra) Stillson of Corning, New York. Admits that he is an "infidel," and that there is no truth to the different religions of the world. Ms89-067.
GILBERT, WRIGHT (ca.1836-1906). PAPERS, 1865-1907. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain in the 6th New York Heavy Artillery. Civil War diary, war-time letter, post-war correspondence from fellow 6th New York veterans Henry Irving and M. [Michael] W. Sutton, and Gilbert family photos. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-064.
GRAVELY, MARSHALL F. (abt. 1838-1863). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Henry County, Virginia; private with the 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Letter to Gravely's sister relates camp and army conditions, as well as his heated comments on a social conflict with a family back home. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-003.
GRAVELY, PETYON B. (1835-1928). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection includes a letter to Gravely's sister letter detailing of a regimental review by Jefferson Davis, as well as Gravely's comments on recent rumors from home. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-002.
GRAVES, JEREMIAH WHITE (1801-78[?]). DIARY, 1820-78. 0.1 cu. ft. Pittsylvania County, Virginia, farmer. Collection consists of a microfilm copy of Graves's extensive diary, and a typescript manuscript of selected transcribed passages from the diary. Graves refers to his farmwork, the sale of Negroes in the area, and his children's schooling. During the Civil War years Graves mentions the fighting and the war's end. After the war he comments that Negroes could vote while he could not. Ms90-033.
GRAVES, WILLIAM F. (1832-1923). COLLECTION, 1911-1914. 0.1 cu. ft. Native of Pittsylvania County, Virginia; major in the 2nd Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War. Biographical sketches, speech texts, and a roster for Company F, 2nd Virginia Cavalry (aka the Bedford Southside Dragoons). Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-040.
GRAY, CHARLES H. (?-1862). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company C, 4th Ohio Volunteer Regiment. Letter to his brother, July 13-14, 1861, giving an account of his part in the Union advance on Beverly, Virginia (now West Virginia), and a report on the Battle of Rich Mountain. Ms89-028.
GRAY, HENRY L. LETTERS, 1863-1865. 0.2 cu ft. Seaman with the 14th Maine Volunteers. Letters to his family in Bradley, Maine. During the correspondence, Gray was stationed on the U.S.S. Cambridge and the receiving ship Ohio. Also included are four documents pertaining to Gray's enlistment in the Navy. Ms2001-002.
GREELEY, HORACE (1811-72). LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Newspaper editor (most notably of the New York Tribune) and political leader. Best known for his famous phrase "Go west, young man." Collections consists of a one page manuscript letter from Greeley, written February 10, 1864, on Tribune stationery, to Reuben E. Fenton, a U.S. Senator from New York. Greeley asks Fenton to consider Col. L.W. Boadly(?) for the post of Emmissary General of Ordnance, for the war effort. Transcript available. Images available Ms94-024.
GREEN, EDWARD A. (1836-1918). REMINISCENCES, [1902?]. 0.1 cu. ft. Corporal in Company E, 12th Virginia Cavalry. Facsimile copies of Green's handwritten draft notes and published history of the 12th Virginia Cavalry, serialized in an unidentified newspaper in 1902. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-003.
GRESHAM FAMILY. PAPERS, 1825-1940. 0.2 cu. ft. Macon, Georgia family, headed by John Jones Gresham, a politician, attorney, and local businessman. Photocopies of papers, including correspondence, notes on Confederate memorabilia, legal and financial papers, and biographical materials Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms88-096.
HAHN, EDWARD H. CASSETTE TAPES, 1977-91. 76 tapes. Collection consists of tapes of lectures and talks given at Civil War Roundtables and sessions at a Civil War Summer Institute led by Virginia Tech History Professor James I. Robertson, Jr., attended and recorded by Hahn. Topics focus on prominent Civil War battles, campaigns, and persons. Ms92-026.
HALL, WILLIAM P. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier from Massachusetts. Four letters written from various camps in Maryland, North Carolina, and Virginia, to his uncle in Worcester, Massachusetts. Worked in the cook house. Writes that several soldiers were discharged because they were too small and short, that the regiment grows smaller each month, and that a bowling alley will be built in a hospital for the men. Also writes that his regiment was inspected by the Secretaries of War and of the Navy, and by General Ambrose E Burnside and Governor John Andrew of Massachusetts. Ms89-069.
HANCOCK, JOHN H. (ca.1841-1913). DIARY, 1862-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant in 29th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Brief diary entries relate largely routine information such as weather conditions, personal health, camp routines. Longer entries provide information on orders, marching, battles and war news. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-008.
HANSARD, A.C.M.A. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Homefront letter written February 24, 1865, from Tazewell, Claiborne County, Tennessee. Hansard writes to her family about the lack of available meat, robberies in the area, and a recent local revival meeting. Ms89-097.
HARBIN, NANCY B. (b. 1814). LETTER (1862). 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Mississippi. Letter written by Nancy B. Harbin to her sons in Company F, 42nd Regiment of the Mississippi Infantry. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-013.
HARMAN, EDWIN HOUSTON (1835-64). CORRESPONDENCE, 1856-64. 0.2 cu. ft. Lieutenant colonel in Company H, 45th Virginia Infantry. Born in Tazewell County, Virginia; enlisted in May 1861 as a captain. Promoted to Lieutenant colonel in May 1862. Killed in action at Cloyd's Farm, Virginia, in May 1864. Collection consists of ca. 300 letters to and from Harman in various camps in southwest Virginia and his wife. Transcripts available. Ms90-019.
HARRIS, JAMES W. M., PAPERS, 1857-1900. 1 cu. ft.
The Papers consist of documents and over 200 letters written either to or from James Harris or immediate family members. Topics include descriptions of the seige of Vicksburg, life in Richmond, life during the Civil War, and treatment of African Americans during the time period. Ms2000-085. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database.
HARRIS, JONATHAN. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company K, 17th Regiment of the North Carolina State Troops. Letter written July 21, 1864, from Greenville, North Carolina, to Major R.S. Tucker. Harris asks Tucker to use his influence with his commanding General to recommend him for the position of quartermaster in Washington, North Carolina, on account of failing health and his desire for an easy position. Ms89-065.
HART, HECTOR S. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written by Hector S. Hart, private with the 126th Regiment, Ohio Infantry. Written from camp near Danville, Va., to his mother on April 30th, 1865. Letter discusses various regimental activities in Virginia, camp conditions, and relations with local citizens in Danville area. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-013.
HART, HENRY WELDO (1832-1895). LETTERS,1862-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Corporal in 2nd Connecticut Light Artillery Battery and husband of Margaret Elizabeth Black. Typescript copies of letters written by Hart to his wife from camps in the northern Virginia and gulf coast areas. Discusses at great length camp life; conditions in northern Virginia, Louisiana, and other areas; military actions; the war's progress; and personal matters. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
HAUPT, HERMAN (1817-1905). MANUSCRIPT REMINISCENCES, ca. 1862-1900. 0.5 cu. ft. Chief of construction and transportation for the military railroad system for the Union Army; later chief engineer or general manager for several railroads, including the Shenandoah Valley, the Richmond and Danville, and the Northern Pacific, and president of the Dakota and Great Southern Railroad. Manuscript consists of the original draft for his Reminiscences of General Herman Haupt (1901), with correspondence and general orders from the war. Among the correspondence is a letter from Robert Todd Lincoln. Ms88-010.
HAWKES, JOSHUA GILMAN (1831-1863). PAPERS, 1852-1870. 0.2 cu. ft. Sergeant in Company D, 52nd Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Hawkes' letters to family members detailing war experiences in Baton Rouge, New Orleans, and elsewhere; and from friends and relatives written after Hawke's death. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Transcripts available. Ms1979-003.
HAWKINS, CHARLES N. LETTERS, 1863-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Craig County, Virginia, resident; private with Company D, 22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Collection consists of three letters written by Pvt. Charles N. Hawkins and Pvt. George Rock to Hawkins's cousin, Dollie L. Eakin, between August 1863 and April 1864. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-026.
HAWKINS, JAMES P. PAPERS, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Messenger for the Southern Express Company in Virginia during the Civil War. Transcript of a portion of his Civil War diaries and related ephemera. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-025.
HAYES, CARL N. "NEIGHBOR AGAINST NEIGHBOR, BROTHER AGAINST BROTHER: GREENE COUNTY IN THE CIVIL WAR," [1966?] 0.1 cu. ft. Photocopy of typescript collection of information regarding the Civil War in Greene County, Tennessee. Part of the Civil War Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
HENDRIX, LEE. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Co. B of the 1st North Carolina Sharpshooter Battalion. Collection consists of eight letters from Hendrix in camp in Front Royal, Virginia, and in a hospital in Lynchburg, Virginia, to Noah Beeson. Writes of lice in the camp and boredom between confrontations with the enemy. Mentions the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862). Transcripts available. Ms90-020.
HENRY, ROBERT SELPH (1889-1970). PAPERS, 1940-70. 6.0 cu. ft. Historian, railroad executive, lawyer. Born in Tennessee, graduated from Vanderbilt University with an L.L.B. in 1910. Captain in World War I, later a colonel in the Army Reserve until his retirement in 1952. Assistant to the Vice President of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railroad (1921-34), Vice President of the Association of American Railroads (1934-58). Author of several books on Mexican War, Civil War, Reconstruction, and railroad history, including The Story of the Confederacy (1931), Trains (1934), "First With The Most" Forrest (1944), and The Story of the Mexican War (1950). President of the Southern Historical Association (1957). Papers consist of correspondence, subject files, photographs, and clippings concerning his research on various topics in Civil War and railroad history, including information about General Nathan Bedford Forrest, and his papers as President of the SHA. Unprocessed. Ms89-020.
HENSLEY, WILLIAM WALLACE (1834-1914). AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 1912. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant in Company C, 21st Illinois Infantry, prisoner-of-war at Richmond and Danville, Virginia; Andersonville, Georgia; and Florence Stockade, South Carolina. Typed transcript of Civil War memoir, including detailed descriptions of prison conditions and activities. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-007.
HERBERT, DELIA. LETTERS, 1861-62. 0.1 cu. ft. Three letters written by a resident of Bergen, New York, to her sister in Lockhart, New York. Writes about her despair in not hearing from her husband, a soldier in an unidentified New York regiment. Ms92-029.
HERBERT, HENRY E. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing on June 22, 1863, from an unknown place to his brother. Writes about a fight that occurred the day before involving four thousand cavalry and two or three batteries of Union troops. Transcript available. Ms91-071.
HICKMAN FAMILY. NEWSLETTERS and PAPERS, 1995-98. 0.1 cu. ft. Family newsletters written by H. William Gabriel of Florence, Montana, about his research into the history of the Hickman family of Back Creek, Bath County, Virginia. Includes extensive information about William P. Hickman (1810-64), a Presbyterian preacher who ministered to congregations in Wythe, Pulaski, and Montgomery counties, Virginia, until his death in May 1864, fighting with the Confederate forces at the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain. Ms98-007.
HICKS HOUSE (APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE). ADVERTISEMENT, c.1865-1892. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a single advertisement created by proprietor E.G. Hicks for summer tourists to stay at 'Hicks House' in the town of Appomattox Courthouse and see the site of General Lee's surrender, c.1865-1892. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-036.
HILL, HENRY HARRIS (1880-1954). PAPERS, 1908-51, n.d. 0.4 cu. ft. Born in Scottsville, Virginia. Received B.S. (1907) and M.S. (1909) in chemistry from Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Became a chemist in 1907 for the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and eventually head of the Agricultural Chemistry department at VPI before retiring in 1950. Hill was an elder of the Presbyterian Church in Blacksburg, Virginia, and executive secretary of the VPI Alumni Association. Papers include personal, biographical, and genealogical materials, papers about the Civil War and VPI, and material on Blacksburg and Montgomery County. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms80-003.
HILTON, JOHN (1828-1903). PAPERS, 1856-1903. 0.1 cu. ft. English immigrant, corporal in Co. F, 111th Pennsylvania Infantry. Photocopies of Hilton's Civil War letters (written from the Washington, D.C. / Baltimore, Maryland area, Cedar Creek. Loudon Heights and ) to his wife, Mary Jane. Also includes photocopies of various military and legal documents, newsclippings and a photograph of Hilton. Images are available on the VT Imagebase. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2003-014.
HINMAN, MINER. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Co. D of the 171st Pennsylvania Regiment. Letter written December 2, 1862, to his brother in Pennsylvania, from the Steamer John Warner, near Washington, D.C. Ms90-040.
HOLCOMBE FAMILY. LETTERS, 1862-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Transcripts of letters written to Amanda M. Fowler Holcombe of Texas by her husband, John M. Holcombe (Co. B, 17th Texas Infantry); her brother, Dr. William S. Fowler; and her brother-in-law, Lt. Charles Keton. The letters are written from camps in Arkansas and Texas and concern family matters, personal acquaintances, military activities, camp life, and Holcombe's illness and subsequent military discharge. Accompanied by photocopied biographical information on Holcombe. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
HOLLIDAY, JOHN. DIARIES AND PHOTOGRAPHS, 1864-1865, undated. 0.2 cu. ft. Ohio resident; Corporal and later, Sergeant with the 91st Ohio Volunteer Infantry; served in and around the New River Valley. Collection includes diaries from 1864 and 1865, recording his service and return home at the end of the war, as well as five photographs, believed to be of Holliday and his wife. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-028.
HOOK, CHRISTIAN. DIARY, 1864, 1925. 0.1 cu. ft. Corporal with Company C, 151st Regiment, Ohio Infantry. Served around Washington, DC from May to August of 1864. Diary details duty in the city, as well as a visit from Lincoln and Hook's arrest and near-court martial. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-030.
HOOKER, HORACE B. (1837-1914). LETTERS, 1862-1864. Lieutenant serving in the Union Army's Engineer Regiment of the West (later the 1st Missouri Engineers). Photocopies of typed transcripts of Hooker's letters to his wife, describing his activities and expressing strong opinions on many aspects of the war and its conduct. Accompanied by photocopied typescripts of Civil War reminiscences of Hooker's wife, Susan, describing war-time activities and political sentiments in New York and her war-time stays in Vicksburg, Mississippi and Nashville, Tennessee. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-009.
HOOKER, JOSEPH (1814-79). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union general. Letter from Capt. B.F. Harris of the 11th Regiment Battalion, from a camp near Fletcher's Chapel, Virginia, in February 1863, endorsed by Hooker from the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac in Washington, D.C. Letter concerns soldiers captured at Manassas Junction in August 1862, taken as prisoners, paroled in January 1863, and reenlisted with Hooker. Ms88-064.
HORR, JOSEPH L. PAPERS, 1888. 0.1 cu. ft. Proof sheets for a regimental history of the First Batallion, 13th Regiment, U.S. Infantry, sent to William McDonald of Chattanooga, Tennessee, for comments and corrections. The book was prepared for a 1888 reunion of the regiment, and never published. Ms88-052.
HOUCK FAMILY. PAPERS, 1861-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Thomas G. Houck (1841-1863) of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, served with the 96th Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War and died from wounds received at Salem Church, Virginia. Collection consists of photcopied Civil War letters between Thomas Houck and his brother Joseph (1839-1908). Houck's letters are written from camps in Washington, D.C., Maryland and northern Virginia. Transcripts of the letters and of Thomas Houck's Civil War diary are included as well. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
HOUGH, BENJAMIN F. (d. 1864). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Private, and eventually corporal with Company K, 10th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry; taken prisoner at Chickamauga; POW at Libby (and possibly Andersonville?) Prison. Collection includes a letter from Hough to his cousin, requesting a list food supplies and paper. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-065.
HOWLAND, HENRY (1827-1883). LETTER, 1862. Quartermaster for the 51st Illinois Infantry during the Civil War. Letter written aboard the steamer D. G. Taylor on the Mississippi River, describing the river fleet and the position and movements of his division, under orders to proceed up the Tennessee to assist at Pittsburg (Shiloh). Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms91-016.
HUDDLE, BENJAMIN. DIARY, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in Company B of the 29th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War, paroled in April 1865 from Farmville, Virginia, by order of General Ulysses S. Grant. Photocopy of diary detailing his experiences in the war. Ms85-015.
HUFF-HYLTON FAMILIES. PAPERS, 1803-14, 1858-82, 1975, n.d. 39 items. Settlers of Montgomery (now Floyd) County, Virginia, in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Collection consists of letters and other family papers gathered by Barbara Ellen Huff Hylton Dillion (1828-1911), including promissory notes, fines, and an indenture for land of Samuel Huff, and letters written by Barbara's first husband Lorenzo Dow Hylton during the Civil War. Lorenzo Hylton (1830-64) served in Company D of the 54th Virginia Infantry, and died on February 13, 1864, in a Confederate hospital in Marietta, Georgia. Finding aid availble on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1998-001.
HUGHES, ELIZABETH. CLAIM, 1868. 0.1. cu.ft. Resident of Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, during the Civil War. State of Tennessee, County of Lawrence, claim for the theft and destruction of property by fire in 1862. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-048.
HULL, JOHN N. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in the 4th Virginia Regiment, Co. D, Ewell Corps, Stonewall Brigade. Letter written November 22, 1863, to "My Dear Friend" from camp on the Rapidan River near Orange Court House, Virginia. Writes about his wish to return to Winchester (possibly his home), his love interests, and how hard it has been for the Confederacy to win its independence. Ms92-043.
HUMPHREY, HENRY P. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier possibly in the 66th Illinois Regiment. Letter, written June 16, 1864, to his sister, from Big Shanty, Georgia, during the Atlanta Campaign. Writes about the death of the Rebel Lieut. General Leonidas Polk, the enemy camp on Kenesaw Mountain, and his hopes that the campaign will soon be over. Ms89-090.
HUNT, MARY L. (1850-1865?). LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Young, dying girl of Thorndike, Maine. Letter to brother S. Everett Hunt of the 29th Maine Infantry, Beal's Brigade, Dwight's Division. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-055.
HUTCHINS, EVERETT (1842-1864) AND WARREN (d. 1864). PAPERS, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Brothers serving in the Union Army during the Civil War. Cartes-de-visite of Everett (Company F, 33rd Massachusetts Infantry) and Warren (7th Massachusetts Light Artillery); two 1864 letters from Everett to sister; 1863 diary of Warren. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-014.
JAMERSON FAMILY. PAPERS, 1792, 1803-1907. 0.2 cu. ft. Franklin County, Virginia, family. Papers include receipts, deeds, land settlements, and correspondence from the Jamerson and other Franklin County families, including the Webster, Basham, Rayford, Akers, and Neff families. Also include fifteen Civil War Confederate soldiers' letters from John Jamerson, in the 37th Virginia Cavalry, and John Hartsel, written from Norfolk and Washington County, Virginia. Ms90-080.
JANNEY, JOHN. PAPERS, 1811-1994 (Bulk 1840-1880). 8.0 cu. ft. President of Virginia Secession Convention. More than 800 letters written to Janney and members of his family, including letters between Janney and his wife while he served at the Secession Convention, providing brief details of the convention and comments on the other delegates. Other letters by Janney concern legal matters during his many years as an attorney. Also includes letters of the Charles Janney family, together with biographical information, newspapers, inventory of property, and Convention minutes, as well as pictures, books, and periodicals. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2001-019.
JARVIS, E. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union prisoner of war letter written from a Richmond, Virginia, camp. Jarvis writes on January 15, 1864, to "Dear Companion" about his prospects of leaving the prison, and assures the reader not to worry about his welfare. Ms91-006.
JEFFRIES, JAMES M. (b.1842?). COLLECTION, 1865, 1908?. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Virginia; V.M.I. cadet; Confederate Captain of Company E of the 24th Virginia Cavalry. Newspaper article about James M. Jeffries and the parole document from his date of parole from Appomattox, April 10, 1865. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-009.
JOHNSON, CHARLES N. PAPERS, 1862-68, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in the 15th Iowa Volunteer Regiment, Company C. Papers include eight letters (1862, n.d.) from St. Louis, Missouri, and Corinth, Mississippi, to his mother; his discharge papers (April 20, 1865); his marriage license (1868); and photographs of himself and his family. Ms89-032.
JOHNSON, EDGAR W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 50th New York Engineers. Collection consists of six letters from Johnson written January to April, 1864, from Elmira, New York, and Rappahanock Station, Virginia, to his father. Also includes three letters from Johnson's friend Thomas A. Blyth, written April to August, 1864, to Johnson's father. Blyth's letters refer to the circumstances involving his friend's illness and subsequent death, and urge the father to inquire after his son's back pay and bounty. Blyth later describes a scam that resulted when someone tried to steal Johnson's pay. Collection includes one letter from Harry Wakeman of Johnson's corps, offering condolences to Johnson's father and describing Johnson's last hours. Ms89-077.
JOHNSON, H.A. LETTERS, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letters written August and September 1861 to "Friend Samuel" from Johnson at Camp Fessenden in Alexandria, Virginia. Writes about concealing himself in a cornfield to evade Rebel troops, meeting with General "Jeb" Stuart's cavalry in a skirmish at Chain Bridge, and how men were detailed to cut down trees between the fort and the enemy. Ms90-058.
JOHNSON, MARTHA L. (1803-1886) FAMILY. PAPERS, 1821-1882. 0.5 cu. ft. Nineteenth-century matriarch of a Carroll County, Virginia family. Correspondence from friends and family members, focusing on themes related to domestic issues, religion, Civil War, medicine, and fashion. Also legal and financial papers of Robert C. Johnson, a Carroll County tavern keeper, postmaster, and commissioner of revenue (including Carroll county tax records for 1850); and correspondence of William Lithgow Robinson, a soldier in Company A, 18th Virginia Infantry ("Danville Blues"). Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2001-065.
JOHNSTON, J. AMBLER (1885-1974). PAPERS, 1900-74. 9.0 cu. ft. Architectural engineer, Civil War historian, and civic benefactor. Educated at Virginia Polytechnic Institute (B.S., 1904; M.E., 1905) and Cornell University (M.E., 1906). Co-founder of the architectural firm of Carneal and Johnston in Richmond, Virginia. Johnston was a charter member of the Richmond Rotary Club, he helped found a Civil War Round Table (CWRT) at the State Penitentiary in Richmond and he held offices in several group headquartered in Richmond, including the Sons of the Revolution, the Sons of Confederate Veterans, the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, and others. Was closely associated with Douglas Southall Freeman, noted author of Civil War books. Continued to maintain close ties with VPI throughout his life. Papers include information on many of the above mentioned activities, but are especially strong in matters concerning the CWRT and VPI. Includes correspondence, ephemeral publications, organizational and committee reports, maps, and photographs. Ms74-012.
JORDAN, CHARLES FRANCIS (1837-1922). MEMOIR, ca.1922. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Rockbridge County, Virginia; farmer; banker; businessman; legislator; captain in Company C, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Photocopied typescript of Jordan's reminiscences of the battle at Kelley's Ford, Virginia, on March 17, 1863. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
KAUFFMANN, GEORGE. CASSETTE TAPES AND SLIDES, 1960-84, n.d. 2.8 cu. ft. Collection consists of cassette tapes of Civil War Round Table meeting lectures (1980-84, n.d.) on topics including Meade's Left Flank at the Battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln and Religion, the Battles of Bull Run, and Culp's Hill. Speakers include James Kegel, Tony Brogan, and James I. Robertson, Jr. Collection also includes slides of Civil War battles and other scenes, and various battlefields and monuments as they are today. Topics of slides include Gettysburg, Shiloh, Antietam, and Vicksburg scenes, the Richmond area, Lincoln's Tomb and New Salem, llinois, the Civil War Navy, Railroads and the Civil War, and Women and the Civil War. Also includes slides and brochures about Custer's Battlefield National Monument in Montana and other state parks in the United States and Canada. Materials collected by Kauffmann, formerly a York, Pennsylvania, resident. Ms88-093.
KEEN, DOLLIE P. F. LETTER, c.1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a single homefront letter describing the conditions of trading cotton in the area, family financial concerns, attempts by the men in her neighborhood to avoid military service, and an outbreak of the measles. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-023.
KELSEY, STEPHEN R. PAPERS, 1865, 1920. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 5th Artillery, Company I, US Army Regulars. Papers include a diary written between January and May, 1865, while stationed in New York and Virginia. Participated in the occupation of Petersburg, Virginia, in April 1865. Entries refer to the assassination of Pres. Abraham Lincoln and the capture of Jefferson Davis. Also includes a typescript essay by Ernest Flint Kelsey (Stephen Kelsey's son) commenting on the diary. Ms90-029.
KEY FAMILY. PAPERS, 1815-96. 0.1 cu. ft. Family of Liberty, Virginia. Papers include four letters (1861-64) from three members of the family who served as soldiers in the 4th Virginia Regiment for the Confederacy, and various miscellaneous papers (1815-96) including receipts and tax bills of the Key and the Wheat families, who were interrelated. Transcripts available. Ms92-044.
KOONTZ FAMILY PAPERS, 1861-65. 2 inches. Edinburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia family. Collection consists of letters to Nellie Koontz McCann from her brothers, George W. and Milton S. Koontz, and a cousin, George M. Miller. Also included are two diaries from Milton Koontz and a diary and a copybook from George Koontz (June-December 1863). Subject of interest include a desciption of the Battle of Gettysburg (1-3 July 1863). Transcripts and biographical information available. Ms84-172.
KNAPP, EDGAR R. (ca. 1836-?) LETTERS, 1862-1864. .25 cu. ft. Correspondence received by Edgar R. Knapp while he was a steward at the U.S. military hospital in Annapolis, Maryland. Sixteen letters are from his brother H. Knapp, who was living in Adrian, Lenawee County, Michigan. One is from his sister, also living in Adrian. Eighteen letters are from hospital patients who were or had been in Knapp's care and family members of Knapp's patients. H. Knapp avidly followed war news and related political events. He also kept Edgar informed about work and family life in Adrian. Both H. Knapp and his sister were civilian supporters of the Union who did not (during this correspondence) support radical abolitionists. Two letters relay news from the front, 16 and 17 July, at the Battle of Gettysburg. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2002-015.
LACEY, WILLIAM J. (b. abt. 1835?). DIARY, 1861-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lacey was a private with Company C, 11th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. Diary entries are scattered and range from simple notes about the weather and letter writing to Lacey's experiences at First Manassas/Battle of Bull Run; most date from 1861. Finding aid available online. Ms2011-115.
LANCASTER, LUCY LEE (1905-89). PAPERS, ca.1835-1980. 60.0 cu. ft. One of the first female graduates (class of 1925) and later librarian (1925-75) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Collection consists of personal correspondence, travel diaries, memoranda and correspondence concerning Library and University matters, Blacksburg [Virginia] Consumer Club minutes and correspondence (1937-49), American Association of University Women material, class notes (1921-25), United Daughters of the Confederacy material, American Association of Retired Persons items, Blacksburg Civilian Defense Council minutes and correspondence (1941-45), and Phi Kappa Phi material. Materials include a typescript of the Tuesday Afternoon Book Club of Blacksburg minutes (1933-80); a radio script of "Three Heroes of Virginia" (Matthew F. Maury, Gen. Robert E Lee, and Thomas J. "Stonewall Jackson) written by M.C. Harrison of VPI; and a manuscript copy of portions of the Montgomery County, Virginia, deed book. Also includes correspondence and papers of her father William Lancaster; plus family bibles with genealogical information; an account book (1835-38) from a general store in Lynchburg, Virginia; and a book of handwritten poetry and prose, some dedicating the Confederate dead, from an unknown ancestor of Lancaster's. Finding aid available online. Ms90-069.
[LANCASTER, MASSACHUSETTS, LETTER, 1863]. 0.1 cu. ft. Civilian letter from a Lancaster resident to his brother, writing about news of the surrender of the Confederate troups at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and the losses from the 53rd Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment. Ms89-088.
LEE, ANNA. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter of invitation from Anna Lee to Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard to attend a country dance on Christmas evening, 1861, at Meadow Farm, Virginia, home to the Sheppard Family in Henrico County, Virginia. Attributed to Anne "Annie" Carter Lee (1839-1862), fourth child of General Robert E. Lee and Mary Anna Randolph Custis. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-028.
LEE, FRANK. LETTER, 186?. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant in the Union Army. Letter from Salem, Massachusetts, to "My Dear George" about life in the barracks. Ms88-073.
LEE, ROBERT E. (1807-70). SPEECH, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft., 1 item. Commander of the Confederate Army. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia; president of Washington College (1865-70) in Lexington, Virginia. Photocopy of a manuscript farewell address (General Order No. 9) to the Army of Northern Virginia, after his surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, April 10, 1865. Probably copied by a soldier from an original. Ms64-005.
LEE, ROBERT E. 1866-1870. 4 items, 0.1 cu. ft. . Personal letter written from Lexington, Virginia February 28, 1870 to Reverend W.H. Braddus. Letter enclosed another letter for the Reverend and a $30 check stipulating that part be used to pay the tuition for one of Mr. Craig's children of Culpepper County. Collection also includes a reproduced portrait, n.d. and two 1866 A.H. Plecker portraits of Lee with steed Traveler. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2002-044.
LEFTWICH FAMILY. LETTERS, 1861-1866. 0.2 cu. ft. Bedford County, Virginia family. Letters from members of the Leftwich family and their friends. Correspondence from James B. (28th Virginia Infantry), William, and Thomas Leftwich in addition to missives from a family friend and a bereaved lover. The soldiers' letters issue from Civil War battlefronts and provide insight into significant battles (the Battle of Bull Run), war-time trade, and the daily routine of a soldier. Finding Aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-021.
[LETTER, 1861]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from "A.H.D." in Indianapolis to his brother, written December 14, 1861. Letter concerns the writer's wish that his son be admitted to the Virginia Military Institute "without paying the customary fees" because "he has suffered enough for Virginia." Also mentions problems in sending mail to the Confederate states. Transcript available. Ms90-023.
[LETTERS, 1861-62]. 0.1 cu. ft. Two letters on one sheet of paper. First letter written December 24, 1861, from "B.K." to his brother. Hopes to get a letter through to Nashville and then to Texas. Second letter from J.W. Hughes to unknown from Hopkinsville, Kentucky, written January 21, 1862, acknowledging receipt of the letter. Transcript available. Ms90-024.
[LETTER, 1862]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter to "My dear Henry," possibly from his mother. Writes about her concern for the safety of the soldiers on the front, and her belief that soldiering must be a hardship. Ms89-091.
[LETTER, 1863]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter to "My dear Husband" from "A.G." Writes that two men were caught stealing one of the hogs and were whipped by the patrol, and that a neighbor was going to Richmond to visit her son. Ms89-079.
[LETTERS, 1865]. 0.1 cu. ft. Three letters from Washburn (last name unknown), a Union soldier in the 14th Massachusetts Battery, to his brother and mother. Washburn writes in April and May 1865 from various places in Virginia about rumors of the soldiers being mustered out of service, souvenir hunters buying up Confederate money, and the effects of war on the town of Petersburg, Virginia. Ms93-005.
[LETTERS FROM A CIVIL WAR UNION SOLDIER, 1862-65]. 0.1 cu. ft. Three descriptive and eloquent letters from a Union soldier, possibly from Akron, Ohio, and identified only as "Matt," written to his wife. The first letter is written from Camp McClellan in Davenport, Iowa, on September 28, 1862, where he asks his wife to send him good things to eat. The second letter is written from Rome, Georgia, on October 9th through the 11th, 1864, where he writes about a recent skirmish at Altoona Pass and his company's readiness for more fighting. The last letter is written from Headquarters, 1st Division, 15th A.C., Office of the Surgeon in Chief near Louisville, Kentucky, on July 4, 1865, where he writes about a farewell speech given by General William Sherman, and for his wife to expect him to be a changed man after his many years as a soldier. The latter two letters indicate that he served in Sherman's army. Ms96-005.
LEWIS, ANDREW J. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate private from Virginia. Four letters from Lewis to his mother and wife from forts in Minnesota and Kansas. Ms88-097.
LEWIS, GEORGE. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written by Union soldier George W. Lewis, 4th Michigan Infantry,to his brother, and dated February 1st, 1863. The letter was written from camp near Potomac Creek, Va. In the letter, Lewis gives detailed descriptions of the construction and pitching of the ubiquitous Civil War Sibley tents used in camp, as well as vivid descriptions of the sounds made by musket balls flying across the battlefield. He also describes the poor conditions in camp, including spoiled rations, and the low morale of his fellow troops. Lewis was wounded on July 2nd,1863 at Gettysburg, Pa., and subsequently lost his leg. Finding aid available on Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-015.
LIBBY, NELSON F. LETTERS, 1861-62. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier. Two letters written from Washington, D.C., and Virginia, to his brother. Writes on June 17, 1861, that the Rebel troops evacuated Harper's Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia). Also writes on September 5, 1862, that while traveling from Harrison's Landing they had a battle along the way (probably Second Manassus, or Bull Run). Ms91-018.
LINCOLN-LOOK FAMILY. PAPERS, 1844-1930. 0.2 cu. ft. Sarah Ann Burt Lincoln (1826-1857) and husband Nathan Loomis Look (1819-1909), residents of Virginia's Loudoun, Botetourt, Montgomery, and Smyth counties during the mid-nineteenth century; operators of a farm implement factory, also engaged in cheese- and hat-making. Letters to and from Lincoln and Look family members in Massachusetts and New York, including a few written from Smyth County, Virginia during the Civil War. Transcripts available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms85-009.
[LISTS OF CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS, ca. 1861-65.]. 0.1 cu. ft. Five manuscript documents listing Virginia soldiers with their families and dependents. Two of the lists are of destitute and disabled soldiers. Ms91-072.
LONGSTREET, JAMES (1821-1904). CORRESPONDENCE, 1897- 1903. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate general; after the war he was head of an insurance company and held a series of Federal appointments. Author of From Manassas To Appomattox (1896). Correspondence consists of fourteen letters to Longstreet from his sons John, Randolph, and Robert and his daughter Lula, and from C. Herbert Walling, who asked for an autographed copy of Longstreet's book. Ms93-003.
LOWBER, DANIEL A. (1844-1902). DIARY, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain of Company A, 37th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. Daily diary entries note frequent picket, fatigue and administrative duties of company commander for several months during the siege of Petersburg, Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-015.
LUCAS, DANIEL BEDINGER (1836-1909). PAPERS, 1812-1924, n.d. 1.8 cu. ft. West Virginia lawyer and poet. Papers consist of correspondence, newspapers, poems and essays, scrapbooks, and other materials collected and created by Lucas and his daughter Virginia. Topics include Lucas's attempts to defend his friend John Yates Beall from being charged as a Confederate spy by the Union during the Civil War, West Virginia politics, the exploits of adventurer William Walker, and the origins of Robert E. Lee's horse Traveler. Also includes many examples of Lucas's poetry. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1995-012.
LYMAN, FRED. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier, probably from New York. Letter written December 8-9, 1861, from Miner's Hill, Virginia, to his brother and sister. Writes about the unusually warm weather they were experiencing, mistaking a hog for a Rebel, and his desire for a lieutenant's position in order to make more money. Ms91-043.
MALONEY, JAMES. SKETCH, c.1863-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier and orderly of Col. George M. Love of the 116th Regiment, NY Infantry. Color sketch of Private James Maloney. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-021.
MASON, EBENEZER E. (1829-1910). DIARY, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Maine, and later, Virginia resident; local magistrate and a member of the Accotink Home Guard; delegate to the Second Wheeling Convention and the Restored Virginia Government Convention. Collection includes Mason's diary from parts of 1864 and 1865; entries typically note the weather of the day as well whether or not Congress was in session; some newspaper clippings between pages. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-063.
MAYBURY, JOHN R. (1828-1917). DIARY, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Corporal in Company L, 10th New York Cavalry. Diary describing winter camp activities and routines, as well as skirmishes and battles with the enemy in northern and eastern Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-044.
MCCAULEY, JOHN. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Salem, Virginia during the Civil War. Letter describing arrival at home, advising Edward (probably his son) not to accompany fellow soldiers who steal from the local populace at night, and relaying news of a benefit exhibition for soldiers in the area. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-075.
MCDONALD, MARTHA. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Southern woman and wife to Lewis McDonald, a Confederate soldier. Letter of general inquiry to husband serving in the Civil War. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-029.
McGAVOCK, DAVID CLOYD (1845-64). PAPERS, 1861-1901, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company B of the 24th Virginia Regiment in the Confederate Army. Died in May 1864. Collection consists of ca. 35 items, including letters written by McGavock to his family while studying at Roanoke College in 1861, and then from camps near Winchester and Petersburg, Virginia, and Goldsboro, North Carolina. Includes sympathy letters to McGavock's sister after his death, and other miscellaneous family papers. Ms90-032.
McGILL, JOSEPH. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing his parents on July 24, 1863, from Wartrace, Tennessee. Writes that the general opinion of the men is that the war will be over soon, and that there is talk of going back to Kentucky. Ms89-105.
MCKENNA, CHARLES F. (1845-1922). COLLECTION, 1861-1998. 0.3 cu. ft. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania resident and private in the 155th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. After the war, he was lawyer and judge throughout Allegheny County, PA, until his death. He also acted briefly as Judge of the United States District Court of Puerto Rico from 1904-1906. Collection includes diaries with his accounts of the war from 1862-1865, an 1861 musket, and materials related to his published history of the 155th, Under the Maltese Cross, from Antietam to Appomattox. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-031.
McKINNIS, HENRY (1841-1893). LETTERS, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company B, 3rd Iowa Infantry from 1861-1864. Letters written to mother from camps near Moscow, Tennessee (January 20, 1863) and Hebron, Mississippi (March 5, 1864). McKinnis writes of Union and Confederate raids, a lack of rations, and general family matters. Accompanied by photocopies of typed transcripts, biographical material and a photo of McKinnis and his wife, Elizabeth Gilchrist McKinnis. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
MAHOOD, THOMAS A. (1838-1916). CIVIL WAR REMINISCENCES, ca. 1895. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant with French's Battery, Giles Artillery (Wise Legion, Virginia Artillery). Collection consists of a thirty-six page retrospective written by Mahood of his war experiences. Describes the company's involvement in the Battle of Drewrys Bluff (May 1864), and the actions of the Legion commander General Henry A. Wise. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1979-002.
MARSHALL, GEORGE H. (ca.1835-1919). DIARY, 1864-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company K, 113th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery. Short diary entries describe personal routines as well as activities of the 113th and Fort Monroe, Virginia, to which the regiment was assigned. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-001.
MARTIN, JOHN S. LETTERS, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in the 18th Alabama Infantry during the Civil War. Collection consists of two letters to Martin's wife Sarah Jane. One is written November 29, 1862, where he urges his wife to send him new gloves. The other (photocopy) is written March 1, 1863, from Mobile, Alabama, to his wife with an additional note to his father, telling them of his sadness at being away from his family and the high price of molasses. Ms93-013.
MARTIN, THOMAS R. (b. abt. 1848). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written by Pvt Thomas R. Martin, Company F, 10th Virginia Cavalry (1st Cavalry Regiment, Wise Legion). Dated September 22, 1861 and written from Sewell, VA (now WV). Martin reports on recent events, including the Battle of Carnifax Ferry. He notes recent war news, as well as his unit's current position and winter plans. Finding aid available on Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-011.
MATTHEW, HIRAM. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Twenty-one letters from a Union soldier in the 66th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Possibly in the siege of Atlanta, Georgia, May-September, 1864. Letters to his wife, Elmira, in Campbellsburg, Washington County, Indiana, from camps in Corinth, Mississippi; Pulaski, Tennessee; and Atlanta, Georgia. Writes of camp life, his fellow soldiers, the battle in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and his relief at the war's end. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage website. Ms1988-090.
MEADE & BAKER. APOTHECARY LEDGER, 1861-1870. 0.4 cu. ft. Pharmaceutical company in Richmond, Virginia. Accounts ledger including customer names, addresses and itemized purchases, possibly for the company's mail-order business. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-130.
MERRICK, C. HENRY. LETTERS, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Businessman in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Collection consists of letters to Merrick from various people, including his brother Spencer in Lancaster, Massachusetts; Edward E. Clapp writing from Hagerstown, Maryland, and Sarah E. Whitten writing from North Vienna, Maine. Spencer writes eloquently of his feelings about the war, claiming he does not feel comfortable being at home while "this great conflict is going on," and his strong pro-Union stand. Whitten thanks Merrick for writing about the details of his soldier brother's death. Clapp writes (October 1862) about his life in the Union Army in Sharpsburg, mentioning that he got his hair cut short for fear of lice. Ms94-038.
MERVINE, HENRY G. LETTERS,1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 17th New York Battery. Two letters to his wife. The first letter (July 24, 1864) was written in the trenches before Petersburg, Virginia, where he took furniture from a nearby house to protect himself in the earthworks. He notes that all the trees in the vicinity were filled with lead from picket firing. In the second letter (April 8, 1865), from Richmond, Virginia, he writes about the suffering of the citizens for lack of luxuries and necessities, and that a committee was sent to Gen. R.E. Lee asking him to surrender. Ms89-046.
MILES, JAMES. DIARY. (d.1865). 0.1 cu.ft. Civil War diary spanning January-March 1865. Entries include descriptions of battle and death of soldiers by snipers. Last entry is the day before Miles was killed in action and ten days before the end of the war. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-006.
MILLAR, CAROLINE VIRGINIA TALIFERRO. DIARY, 1860-62. 0.2 cu. ft. Doctor's wife in Georgia. Collection consists of a photocopy of her diary kept during the first years of the war. Unprocessed. Ms82-015.
MILLER, JOSEPH. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 78th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Sherman's Army. Letter written June 23, 1864, to Rev. John Wright of Batesville, Ohio, from "the woods near the Kaunausau Mountains." Miller gives a detailed and extensive description of the corps's march over the Cumberland Mountains, skirmishes with the "rebles," and woundings among the captains. Also makes several comments about the military strategies of Union Generals William T. Sherman and Joseph Hooker and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston. Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, battle activity was part of Sherman's Atlanta campaign. Transcript available. Ms89-076.
MINOR, CHARLES L. C. (1835-1903) AND HARMON, EDWARD P. (ca.1844-1888). CASH BOOK AND CIVIL WAR DIARY COLLECTION. 0.2 cu. ft. Minor, captain of ordnance in Confederate Army, first president of Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (later Virginia Tech). Entries detailing Minor's expenditures and income during the Civil War. Union Army Private Edward P. Harmon, 5th Maine Infantry. Diary entries describing Harmon's war experiences of May-June 1864, including battles of The Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna, and Cold Harbor. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-081.
[MISSISSIPPI RIVER LETTER, 1862.] Obsolete title. See HOWLAND, HENRY LETTER. Ms91-016
MORGAN, WILL H. LETTER, 1861(?). 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing November 5, 1861(?), to his mother from Pilot Knob, Missouri. Writes about the regiment's plan to build barracks and go into winter quarters. Ms89-103.
MOODY, JOHN F. DIARY, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant, later lieutenant, 40th Regiment, Virginia Infantry; Wounded at Gaines' Mills, June 27, 1862; died from injuries June 30, 1862. Diary includes a series of entries from June and July of 1861 about the regiment, war news, and Moody's philosophical and religious observations on the war. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-022.
MOORE, WILLIAM J. (d.1862). LETTERS, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in the 27th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry. Died from disease in June 1862. Collection includes four letters from Moore home to his wife, Lydia, and his brother. Also contains two letters to Lydia by Moore's captain following his death. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-031.
MORRIS, J.C. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in the 21st Texas Cavalry, Company F. Letter written May 10, 1863, from camp near Lanjer, Arkansas, to his wife. Writes about a recent raid to Missouri where they killed and captured many of the enemy, and about other fighting in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Ms92-013.
MORRIS, SYLVAN B. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-64, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Union captain in the 194th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Three letters to his wife from Fayetteville, Ohio, and another unknown camp. Talks at length of poverty of country people he has seen on the marches. Also includes a letter to Morris from his cousin, Alex Caudle, in Indianapolis, Indiana. Transcript available. Ms88-089.
MOSS, WILLIAM STEPHEN (1839-1924). COLLECTION, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in 4th Virginia Cavalry and Confederate prisoner-of-war during the Civil War. Letters to mother relating to conditions in northern prisons (specifically Elmira, New York and Point Lookout, Maryland) and Moss's personal life. Also includes identification card, biographical sketch, and hand-tinted photograph of Moss. Finding Aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-019.
MURDOCH, FRANCES A. (b. ca. 1847). JOURNAL, 1861-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Young woman living on a Mississippi plantation during the Civil War. Frequent journal entries, largely introspective and religious in nature, but also relaying war news of such events the Battle of Shiloh, the surrenders of New Orleans and Vicksburg, a battle between local militia and a Union gunboat at Natchez, Mississippi, the looting of Bruinsburg, Mississippi, and the death of Col. Stuart Wilkins Fisk at the Battle of Murfreesboro. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-132.
MYERS BROS. & CO. TRADE CARD, likely c. early 1870s. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection includes a trade card depicting a Confederate soldier swapping tobacco with a Union soldier in exchange for a bag of coffee. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-046.
MYERS, JOHN H. (1841?-1919). MEMOIR, 1888. Corporal in Company G, 55th Illinois Infantry during the Civil War. Civil War memoir, providing an overview of the common soldier's life, focusing particularly on the behavior of officers; food, water and clothing rations; marching; encampments; battle preparation; picket duty; battle and its aftermath. Accompanied by carte-de-visite identified as Myers. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-061.
[NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, LETTER, n.d.] 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from a Union soldier named Chris to Mrs. Curtis. Writes that although he is staying in the best hotel in town the food is still terrible and expresses his opinion about blacks in the city. Transcript available. Ms89-080.
[NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, LETTER, 1864.] 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from a Union soldier named Clinton to "Friend Ettie," written January 5, 1864. Writes that he intends to settle down and get married after the war, and asks Ettie to look for a "goodlooking amiable young lady that wishes to change her situation in life." Ms89-071.
NEATHERY, J. MARSHALL. GENEALOGY, 1996. 1 vol. Resident of Rolesville, North Carolina, amateur genealogist, and Baptist minister. Typescript, spiral bound genealogy entitled "Neathery Siblings Had Eight Ancestors in the Civil War: Five of Them at Gettysburg." Describes the lives of eight ancestors related to the Neathery family who served in the Confederacy during the Civil War. These ancestors include: William Robert Currin (1838- 1913), Company G, 30th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; William Faucett (1837-1904), Company I, 23rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment; Granville Grissom (1814-90), Company C, 3rd Battalion North Carolina Senior Reserves; James C. Currin (1836-1915), Company G, 30th North Carolina Regiment and Company K, 55th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; Jeremiah Hamilton Currin (1832-68), Augustus Dennis Frazier (1833-1903), and James Simeon Hobgood (1836-1911), all of company K, 55th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; and George Daniel Nethery (1834-99), Company G, 14th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Five of these men fought in the Battle of Gettysburg. Ms96-002.
NELSON FAMILY. PAPERS, 1828-83, n.d. 0.6 cu. ft. Clarke County, Virginia, family. Papers consist of correspondence among the family members, particularly between Adelaide Nelson and her daughter Nannie (approx. fifteen letters), and the letters (approx. fifty) of prisoner of war G. Washington ("Wash") Nelson and Mollie Scollay of Shepardstown, Virginia. Wash was captured in 1863 and held at Johnson's Island, Ohio, Point Lookout, Maryland, and Fort Delaware, Delaware. Papers also include muster rolls, one of them signed by J.E.B. Stuart, of Captain Hugh Nelson's company, the Clark County, Company D, Sixth Cavalry Volunteers. Ms89-021.
NEW ENGLAND PRESS ASSOCIATION. PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM, ca. 1880. 1 vol. Press association organized in the late 1860s from the Boston Press Association. Merged into the Associated Press in 1897. Album contains sixty-four photographs taken on a tour of a group of New England Press Association members to North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Maryland. Photographs include scenes of Belle Meade, a horse farm in Tennessee owned by Civil War Confederate General William Hicks Jackson (1835-1903). Also includes scenes of the wreck of a East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia railroad car at Rock Bridge, Tennessee; Luray Caverns in Virginia; Antietam Civil War battle site; the Tennessee State Capitol; and the East Tennessee and North Carolina Railroad. Images are available on the VT Imagebase. Ms91-024.
NEWLEE FAMILY. PAPERS, 1916, 1980, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Blacksburg, Virginia, family. Colonel Robert G. Newlee was a sergeant in the 1st Virginia Regiment in the Mexican War, and raised a company in Blacksburg known as the Montgomery Mountain Boys in the Civil War. Papers include a history (1980) of Smithfield Plantation, the Preston Family, and Virginia Newlee (Robert's daughter) written by George Shackleford; an obituary of Colonel Newlee; and a newspaper clipping (1916) with the muster roll of the Company of Virginia Volunteers in the family. Also includes a muster roll of Company L, Fourth of prisoner of war G. Washington Virginia Regiment of which Newlee was Captain. Ms82-021.
[NEWPORT NEWS, VIRGINIA, LETTER, 1864]. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from an unidentified Union corporal from Massachusetts. Writes to his brother at home, telling him that he will try for a commission when he soon returns on furlough. Has heard that "there are a number of chances for commissions in colored regiments" that the Governor of Massachusetts was raising, and he hopes to become an officer in one. Ms89-075.
NOBLE, RICHARD G. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Two letters addressed to Confederate soldier Richard G. Noble, from Autauga County, Alabama, and dated June 1863. One is from his sister, Emily Noble, and the other is from a Miss A. Thacker. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-007.
NORMAN, M.T. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in the 37th Battalion Cavalry, Johnson Brigade. Letter written from Camp Mount Jackson, Virginia, to his wife Nancy and includes an account of the burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Transcript available. Ms87-015.
NORTON, H. E. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Michigan brigade during and after the Civil War. Letter to friends describing journey west, complaining of the regiment's not having been mustered out at the close of the war, and discussing rumors of an upcoming assignment to guard a government train bound for Nebraska Territory. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-074.
PAXTON, JAMES G. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate major. Letter, April 6, 1863, from Paxton in Salem, Virginia, to Major William McLaughlin suggesting he consider being a candidate for the Confederate State Senate from Lexington and Rockbridge, Virginia. Ms88-071.
PAYNE, ELIZABETH BARTON SMITH (1817-1895). LETTER, . 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Fauquier County, Virginia during the Civil War. Letter to friend mourns loved ones killed in battle and mentions raids by soldiers, the capture and imprisonment of a brother, and a son's desire to join the army. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-072.
PERRY, THOMAS DAVID. (1960- ). COLLECTION, ca.1979-2007. 29 cu. ft. Virginia Tech graduate (class of 1984), historian, and founder of the J.E.B. Stuart Birthplace Preservation Trust, Inc. Research notes, writings, photographs, printed materials and photocopies of original sources relating to the history of Patrick County, Virginia, and the life, family and birthplace of native son Confederate General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Unprocessed. Ms2008-006.
PITTENGER, WILLIAM J. (1838-1899). DIARY, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier serving in the 93rd Illinois Infantry and the U. S. Army Signal Corps. Diary discusses camp life, the Union advance down the Mississippi River, and the siege of Vicksburg. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Images are available on the VT Imagebase. Ms2001-064.
POLAND, CHARLES O. DIARY, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company B, 142nd Ohio Infantry (National Guard) during the Civil War. Diary entries made while serving for six weeks near the front during the early siege of Petersburg, Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-013.
POWELL, CHARLES H. (1843-?). LETTER, 1891(?). 0.1 cu. ft. Served as a bugler in Company F of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Collection consists of a letter, dated erroneously as 1861 but obviously written well after the Civil War, possibly in 1891, by Powell in a soldier's home to Miss Dorris about his upcoming visit to Hanover County, Virginia, to view a presentation of portraits, probably of Civil War notables. He also writes about his regiment's movements during the war. Transcript available. Ms97-012.
PRESTON, ROBERT TAYLOR (1809-80). PAPERS, 1829-71, n.d. 0.2 cu. ft. Born at Smithfield in Blacksburg, Virginia; built Solitude, his home near Smithfield, now part of Virginia Tech. Prior to the Civil War Preston served as a member of militia and a justice of the peace. At the start of the Civil War he was appointed colonel of volunteers in the the Provisional Army of Virginia, and in July 1861 was appointed colonel of the 28th Virginia Infantry, Confederate States of America, where he served until the infantry's reorganization in April 1862. Beginning in August 1864 he served as lieutenant colonel and then colonel of the 4th Virginia Reserves, and surrendered with the troops of General J.E. Johnston in North Carolina in April 1865. The collection consists of 218 letters, military orders, notes, certificates of military appointments, and other items, the majority collected or created by Preston during the period of May 1861 and December 1862. Includes several military orders signed by such members of the Confederate Army as Jubal Early, John B. Floyd, and George E. Pickett, as well as orders signed by Preston himself. Also includes a draft of a broadside written by Preston from Solitude on May 13, 1863, as a call to arms to the men of Roanoke and Montgomery County to repel the Union Army which was in the immediate vicinity. Selected transcripts available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1992-003.
PRESTON, THOMAS L. LETTER, 1860. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Campbell County, Virginia. Letter to John M. Preston of Smyth County, Virginia, regarding personal matters and health and ending with comments on the political climate and the possibility of an impending civil war. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-041.
PRILLAMAN FAMILY. LETTERS, 1862-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Photocopies of Civil War letters of brothers Fleming M., Christian S. and Isaac C. Prillaman, of Franklin County, Virginia, serving in Co. B, 57th Virginia Infantry. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
RANDOLPH FAMILY. PAPERS (1851-2004). 0.1 cu. ft. Prominent Virginia family. Collection includes transcripted correspondence and photocopied railroad documents, military records, photographs, and a poem. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-011.
REARDON, JAMES E. CIVIL WAR COLLECTION, 1861-1920. 0.2 cu. ft. James Rearden was a Confederate soldier for the Army of the Potomac, 7th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry. This collection is mainly composed of letters written by James E. Rearden to his wife and his mother in the years 1861 and 1862. Additional materials include a Civil War letter from an unknown author, materials from 1890s South Carolina, and three letters regarding dog sales in Ohio and Georgia. An EAD finding aid is available in the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2007-013.
REPASS/SPANGLER FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861, 1936, undated. 0.1 cu. ft. Wythe County, Virginia residents. Collection includes three letters by members of the Repass family, and one letter by Henry Spangler (apparently related to the Repass family by marriage) relating family news. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-061.
REPUBLICAN PARTY [WYTHE COUNTY, VIRGINIA]. BROADSIDE, 1874. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection consists of a broadside supporting Congressional Reconstruction, and opposing backsliding Republicans. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-042.
REES, ED. H. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier writing September 9, 1863, from the Jefferson Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. Writes another soldier who apparently is in a hospital elsewhere that Memphis is a very desirable place for the cavalry to be quartered for you can get anything you wish and at half the price of what it cost in Corinth. Describes various medical procedures to which he has been subjected. Ms89-106.
REVELL, WILLIAM A. PAPERS, 1882, 1912. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain in the 13th New York Cavalry Volunteers. Papers consist of an envelope written on both sides in 1912 by Revell referring to passages in Memorial Of Henry Sanford Gansevoort (1882), by J.C. Hadley, about Confederate ranger Colonel John Singleton Mosby's wounding and capture in December 1864, at which he was present. Along with the manuscript is a copy of the book, inscribed by Revell and Gansevoort's sister, Catherine Lansing. Ms88-063.
REYNOLDS, ALEXANDER WELCH (1817-1876). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Colonel and later brigadier general in the Confederate Army. Letter to sister in Lewisburg, Virginia. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-030.
REYNOLDS, CATHLEEN CARLSON. MANUSCRIPT THESIS, 1987. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Marion, Virginia. Collection consists of a copy of "A Pragmatic Loyalty: Unionism in Southwestern Virginia, 1861-1865," Reynolds's 1987 master's thesis for the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Ms91-038.
RINGLAR, GEORGE W. (b. ca. 1831). LETTER, ca. 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Vermont native, living with Virginia farming family during the Civil War. Letter relating his attempt to join the army, unsuccessful due to illness. Also provides a contrasting description between the farms of Vermont and Virginia, instructs his father in handling his affairs during his absence, and denigrates newspapers as "liars by liars." Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-070.
ROBERSON, JOAB. (c.1838-1862). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Co. I, 57th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Copy of a letter from Roberson at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia, to his wife Nan, discussing the possibility of hiring a substitute to fulfill his military service. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Transcript available. Ms1976-005.
ROBERTS, JOHN H. LETTER, 1864. Private in the 14th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery. Collection consists of a letter from Roberts to a friend discussing news about the Civil War, strenuous marches and fights, and unusual encounters with the Confederate soldiersFinding aid available online. Ms2012-038.
ROBERTSON, JAMES I. JR. (1930- ). PAPERS, 1862-2001. 22.6 cu. ft. Civil War historian, author and Alumni Distinguished Professor of History at Virginia Tech. Educated at Randolph-Macon College (B.A., 1955) and Emory University (M.A., 1956; Ph.D., 1959). Papers consist of manuscript and typescript drafts,edited working copies,and galley proofs of works written by Robertson between 1982 and 2001, including the books Civil War Sites in Virginia: a Tour Guide (1982); General A.P. Hill: The Story of Confederate Warrior (1987);Soldiers Blue and Gray (nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in History (1988)); Civil War Virginia: Battleground for a Nation (1991); Civil War! America Becomes One Nation (1992); The Civil War's Common Soldiers (1994); Stonewall Jackson: the Man, the Soldier, the Legend (1997); Standing Like a Stone Wall: the Life of General Thomas J. Jackson (2001); and the articles "The Boy Artillerist: Letters of Colonel William Pegram" (1990) and "Stonewall Jackson: Molding the Man and Making a General" (1992). Also includes materials related to the preservation of lands adjacent to Manassas National Battleifled Park and manuscript drafts for various speeches made by Robertson. Finding aid available online. Ms94-021.
ROBINSON, DAVID TOBIAS. CONFEDERATE COMPANY LIST, ca. 1861-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier. Manuscript list of Company E, 4th Virginia Volunteer Regiment, written by Robinson, listing rank, age, eye and hair color, occupation, and other information about the men in the company, most of them from Southwest Virginia counties. Also includes an itemized list of clothing distributed to each man. Ms92-017.
ROCK, GEORGE W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Craig County, Virginia resident; private in Company D, 22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Collection consists of six letters from Pvt. George W. Rock to a "Miss Ardelia" written between December 1863 and February 1865. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-027.
[ROLL OF BUFFALO GUARDS], n.d. 0.1 cu. ft., 1 item. Typescript listing of men in a Confederate regiment from Buffalo, Virginia (later West Virginia), and the Kanawha Valley, that mustered into service May 13, 1861, during the Civil War. Soon became part of the 36th Virginia Infantry as Company A, under John McCausland's command. Lists officers (including Captain William E. Fife and First Lieutnenant B.B. Sterrett) and privates, with indication of whether or not they were killed, wounded, or had died. Ms96-004.
RUSE, WILLIAM HENRY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863-65. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 97th Ohio Regiment. Letters written to Maggie Stewart of Adamsville, Ohio. Three letters from Nashville, Tennessee, writing of his feelings for her, his dream that the war had ended, and how he misses home. One letter from Point Lookout, Maryland, about how soldiers at Point Lookout are attending religious meetings. Ms89-068.
SAYE, JAMES H. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Minister in South Carolina. Correspondence consists of three letters from Saye to relatives. Despairs that there is a "respectable corps of speculators who are ready for any enterprise to make money" and urges his brother to accept payment of a debt in Confederate currency, for the "financial situation in the CSA government will be crippled if no one uses the money." Ms89-078.
SCHMUTZ, GEORGE J. PAPERS, ca. 1868-1926. 2 vols. Corporal, Company G, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Two volumes of family history, poetry, political and opinion pieces, and Schmutz's Civil War memoirs, featuring Schmutz's original writings as well as material copied by him from published sources. Includes history of the 188th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry Volunteers during the Civil War, copied from History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5 by Samuel P. Bates with additional details and notes by Schmutz. Ms92-047.
SCLATER, HAMILTON S. (b. 1844) LETTERS, (1862-1864). 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company D, 25th Virginia Battalion during the Civil War. Three Civil War letters to Sclater's mother, including a letter dated 13 August 1862 from a camp near Gordonsville (Orange County Virginia) that describes the aftermath of the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Other letters, dated 6 April 1864 and 4 July 1864 respectively, were written from Camp Chaffin's Farm, an area of fortifications south of Richmond. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-087.
SCOTT, CHARLES AND COMPANY. BUSINESS DOCUMENTS, (1863-1865). 0.1 cu. ft. Receipts and bills relating to the business of Charles Scott and Company of Glade Spring Depot, Virginia. Charles Scott and Company ran a salt works outside of Saltville, Virginia and supplied salt for the state of Virginia during the Civil War. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-033.
[SCOTT COUNTY, VIRGINIA AMNESTY OATH REGISTER], 1865-1866. 0.1 cu. ft. Ledger containing list of men, mostly from Scott County, Virginia, including names, ages, occupations, and places of residence. Believed to be names of local residents to whom the amnesty oath was administered following the Civil War. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-022.
SCOTT, MELVIN M. SR. PHOTOGRAPH and BIBLE, n.d. 2 items. Resident of Falls Church, Virginia, and collector of Civil War memorabilia. Collection consists of two items: an undated photograph of Major William F. Graves of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, Company F; and a Bible, published in 1864, that evidently originally belonged to a Union soldier but eventually came into the possession of Graves. Writing within the Bible indicates that it might have belonged to William M. Newell, Assistant Surgeon of the 12th Illinois Brigade, 4th Division, serving in Sherman's Army. Ms98-006.
SCOTT, SALLIE SEEPER. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter, written April 15 and 16, 1865, to Robert Barnett of the Chief Carpenter Shop in Washington, D.C., from Scott in "Lower Chanceford." Scott writes about a letter she received two weeks before from the President, and how hands are needed at home to work on a canal. Online transcript available. Ms89-092.
SCOTT, W.L. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in Company G, 15th North Carolina Regiment. Letter from Scott in Richmond, Virginia, July 11, 1863, to his sister. Writes of the skirmish at the South Anna River in Virginia, July 4, 1863, in which the bridge was defended by the Confederates from destruction by the Union forces. Transcript available. Ms88-085.
[SCRAPBOOK, ca. 1870-1916]. 1 vol. Scrapbook of newspaper clippings from unidentified newspapers, collected between 1870 and 1916 (concentrating mostly in the 1870s and 1880s). Topics include the Confederacy, Southern culture, the Confederate view of the Civil War, Confederate soldiers and officers (particularly Robert E. Lee), the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Civil War battles fought in Virginia, and the 1916 silent film "The Birth of a Nation." Ms93-019.
SECRIST, ROBERT B. LETTERS, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in Company F, 1st U.S. Cavalry, from Pennsylvania. Ten letters from Secrist and other Union soldiers to his sister, Maria G. Secrist. Letters written from camps in Virginia and Washington, D.C. Secrist mentions a battle at Shiloh, Tennessee, and a brush with the Rebel soldiers at Falling Water, West Virginia. Ms90-010.
SELDEN, HENRY COURTENAY (1846-1864). LETTERS, 1861-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Student at Washington College (now Washington & Lee University) and private in 3rd Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War. Letters to sister Mollie regarding schoolwork, family members, personal acquaintances, war news and rumors. Letter of May 18, 1863 describes funeral procession and burial of Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson; another letter mentions the 3rd Virginia's recent battles. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-015.
SHARP, THOMAS ROBINSON (1834-1909). PAPERS, 1859-1908. 0.5 cu. ft. Colonel, military road superintendent for Confederate Army; official of several railroads during the latter half of the nineteenth century: superintendent, Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad, Petersburg Railroad, Alabama & Florida Railroad, Richmond & York River Railroad, and Savannah & Memphis Railroad; master of transportation for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad; receiver for the Long Island Railroad; president of the Danville, Mocksville & Southwestern Railroad and the Cincinnati, Wheeling & New York Railroad; and general manager of the Kanawha & Ohio Railroad. Journals, notebooks, scrapbooks, and correspondence copy books, most relating to Sharp's work with the railroads. Finding aid available in EAD on Virginia Heritage database. Ms97-019.
SHEFFEY, JOHN P. (1837-1905). PAPERS, 1853-1989. 0.5 cu. ft. Attorney and judge from Smyth County, Virginia. Confederate captain in Company A, 8th Virginia Cavalry. Papers include correspondence written by Sheffey to his wife from various camps in West Virginia and southwestern Virginia, discussing personal matters as well as military activities and war-time social conditions. Other correspondents include Sheffey's sisters Margaret and Ellen, as well as other southwestern Virginia relatives and friends. Also included are documents related to Sheffey's military career, twentieth-century newspaper articles regarding the Civil War in southwestern Virginia, and other Sheffey family papers. Transcripts are available for the 1861-1862 correspondence. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2001-060.
[SHENANDOAH COUNTY LETTER, 1864]. 0.1 cu. ft. Unidentified Confederate soldier writing to his family from Shenandoah County in Virginia on October 11, 1864, to his wife and children. Writes with instructions to his sons to sow his farm land in wheat and rye, and tells about a small skirmish with the Yankees. Transcript available. Ms96-010.
SHIPMAN, F.I. LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier stationed in Petersburg, Virginia. Letter to his father, mentioning signs of peace, and asking for stamps and other necessities. Ms88-033.
SHORTS, OREN. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter written May 5, 1861, from a Fort Fairfield, Iowa, farmer to relatives. Mentions farm and family, and refers to the recent outbreak of war between the states. Ms89-047.
SHREVE, DAVID PRENTISS. WRITINGS, 1995-1996. 0.1 cu. ft. Minister of Music at Manly Memorial Baptist Church (Lexington, Virginia). Collection of writings on the Shreve family and the Civil War in northern Virginia. Includes "Barbara Ann Shreve, Spy and Nurse for Her Countrymen," "A Young Confederate Sketch Artist Who Became a Scout, C[o]urrier, and Blockade Runner for John S. Mosby, 43rd Battalion, Virginia Cavalry" (regarding Benjamin Rutherford Shreve), "The Mystery of the Star Tavern's Puzzling Green Glass Star of Falls Church, Virginia," "Civil War Action in the No-Man's Land of Idylwood, Virginia and Vicinity," and "Along the Four Mile Run: Rural Life in 19th Century Arlington and Easter[n] Fairfax County - the Story of William Henry Shreve." CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
SINCLAIR, ARTHUR G. LETTERS, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in Virginia; commander in the Confederate States of America Navy. Collection consists of two letters written in February and March, 1864, from Sinclair in Richmond to a friend. Refers to his "iron clads," which have been repaired after being battered in the recent campaign, and the commotion caused in Richmond from a raid by the Yankees. Transcripts available. Ms92-034.
SIMMONS, ANTHONY K. (1810-1886). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Botetourt County, Virginia. Letter written from Manchester, Virginia, to son William B. concerning the health of younger son Ed, a private in Company A, 28th Virginia Infantry convalescing in the hospital after having been wounded in the Battle of Gaines' Mill. Also mentions other members of Company A and relays a rumor about the number of Union prisoners on Belle Isle. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-011.
SIMMONS, OVID T. LETTER BOOK. 0.2 cu. ft. Bound book of letters written by Ovid T. Simmons during the Civil War. Simmons served as manager of the Ulster Iron Works in Saugerties, New York and there are many letters concerning the business dealings of the Iron Works. The subjects of other letters range from the purchase of a boat to marital problems. There are several letters about or written by Ovid Simmons's father, John Simmons, who also worked as manager at the Ulster Iron Works and developed the double puddling, hoop making, and cold-rolling processes. Finding aid in EAD available on Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-082.
SLEEPER, CHARLES W. (abt. 1841-1893). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from Charles W. Sleeper, private and later Quartermaster Sergeant, 7th Independent Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery, to his cousin. Written from Yorktown, August 24, 1862. Includes detailed discussion of the Confederate defenses in the area, conditions at Yorktown camp, illness of soldiers, and other details of Yorktown area, including Revolutionary War sites. Transcript available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-009.
SMILEY, JACOB WALLACE. DIARY, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Collection includes a diary kept by Smiley that spans from the time of he was drafted in August 1863 until he was killed in action on May 4, 1864. Smiley chronicled the travels and activities of his unit, the 7th Company, 1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters, in the Northern Virginia region. The diary also includes a CDV of Smiley and his wife. Finding aid available online. Ms.2012-073.
SMITH FAMILY. LETTERS, 1861-65, 1912, 1975, 1996 n.d. 0.2 cu. ft. Collection consists of forty-nine letters written by the brothers of the Smith family of Carroll County, Virginia, almost exclusively while most of them served as soldiers for the Confederacy during the Civil War. The brothers include James R. Smith (1831-63), who served in Company I of the 50th Virginia Regiment; Stephen Mitchell Smith (1832-1913), who was initially exempt from military service because he was the only blacksmith in the area, but later served with Company G of the 54th Virginia Regiment; William Alexander Smith (1835-68), who served in Company I of the 50th Virginia Regiment; and Barton Pierce Smith (1838-63) who enlisted in February 1863 and served in Company D of the 29th Virginia Regiment as a hospital steward. Most are written to Stephen Mitchell Smith from encampments in Virginia. Also includes genealogical information about the family compiled in 1975 by Frederick R. Smith of Hardy, Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1996-018.
SMITH, ABEL, JR. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Lieutenant Colonel of the 165th New York Volunteer Regiment. Letter, written March 20, 1863, to Captain Felix Agnus, reprimanding him for allowing a first lieutenant to hold a subordinate position to a second lieutenant during a battalion drill. Agnus later rose to the rank of Brigadier General. Ms89-070.
SMITH, AUGUSTUS. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864-66. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier. Two letters--one (1864) from Smith in Greenville, Tennessee, to War, Confederate soldiers and o his mother, and another (1866) to General Alex E. Smith, his father, in Rural Mount, Virginia, from an unknown person, telling of his daughter-in-law's death. Also includes newspaper clippings concerning the war and genealogy. Ms85-017.
SMITH, RILEY. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier of the 3rd Michigan Volunteer Regiment. Letter written March 7, 1864, to his cousin. Writes that he likes being a soldier when he is not in danger and how Confederate deserters now come to their lines every day. Ms91-017.
[SMYTH AND WYTHE COUNTIES, VIRGINIA, LEDGER, 1850, 1862- 65]. 0.1 cu. ft. Ledger started in Chatham Hill in Smyth County, Virginia, in 1850, discarded and then recommenced in 1862 in Rural Retreat, Virginia. Included in the entries are the labor records of a free black woman, and Washington Steptoe. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms88-029.
SNIDER, JOHN N., LETTER March 17, 1863. 1 Item. John N. Snider (1834-1897) was a soldier in the 14th Virginia Cavalry, Jenkins Brigade. The letter is from Snider in a "Camp near Salem" to his sister. He writes about the high price of food and that there is preaching in the camp every Sunday. Ms91-063.
SOMMERVILLE, HENRY CLAY (1834-1918). LETTERS, 1862, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in Hampshire County, Virginia; surgeon for the Confederate Army. Collection consists of letters, written mostly from January to April, 1864, to Sommerville while in Danville and Lynchburg, Virginia, from friends in Liberty (now Bedford), Virginia. Most of the letters focus on town news and gossip. Ms91-045.
SPENCER, GEORGE A. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 7th Rhode Island Infantry. Three letters from Maryland, Rhode Island, and Kentucky, to his mother in Indian Orchard, Massachusetts. Writes that he will send money home, and asks her to buy him a Smith and Wesson Seven Shooter. Ms89-100.
ST. JOHN, MILES (1843-1935). LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. New York native; private, and eventually 2nd lieutenant, with the 48th Regiment, New York Infantry. Collection includes a letter to "Mary," discussing the 1864 election, family news, and the building of winter quarters. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-045.
STANFORD FAMILY. PAPERS, 1858-1881. 0.2 cu. ft. Correspondence of members of the Stanford family of Putnam County, Georgia. The majority of the collection consists of letter to and from Nehemiah Stanford and his two sons, Lycurgus and Eli. Many of the letters date from Lycurgus and Eli Stanford's time serving in the Civil War. Eli Stanford served as a member of Company A, 37th Georgia Infantry. Lycurgus Stanford served in Company B, 3rd Georgia Calvary; he was captured in the Battle of Resaca and imprisoned at Johnson's Island until July 1865. After the War, Lycurgus Stanford served as a Georgia delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1867 and later served in the state General Assembly. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2009-010.
STANHOPE, SPENCER C. LETTER, 1870. 0.1 cu. ft. Former officer in the 31st New York Infantry. Letter to C. P. Leverich, describing Stanhope's destitution and pleading for financial assistance. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-069.
STANICK, RUFUS P. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Captain in the 13th New Hampshire Infantry. Letter written January 5 and 6, 1863, from camp opposite Fredericksburg, after the Fredericksburg campaign. Writes about a grand review of General Edwin Sumner's Grand Division of 50,000 men by General Ambrose E. Burnside, and the depletion of the New Hampshire ranks. Remarks that the infantry chaplain rarely has services and is never seen around the camp. Ms90-003.
STEARNS FAMILY. PAPERS, 1714-1920. 1.4 cu. ft. Descendants of Isaac Stearns, originally of England, who settled in Massachusetts in 1630. Most of the papers concern Isaac Stearns, Jr. (1790-1879), of Mansfield, Massachusetts, and his family and descendants. Papers consist of transcripts or copies of correspondence, official documents, land records, diaries, and writings. Includes the papers of Isaac Holden Stearns (1825-97), a surgeon in the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry in the Civil War, and essays on the genealogy of the family by Stuart H. Buck, a descendant of the family. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms89-013.
STEPHENS, ALEXANDER HAMILTON (1812-83). ENVELOPE, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Congressman; Vice President of the Confederate States of America. Born in Wilkes (later Taliaferro) County, Georgia. Briefly Governor of Georgia (1883). Collection contains an envelope, stamped, from Albany, Georgia, May 7, 1862, to Stephens in Richmond, Virginia, with a note on the back concerning E.T. Jones. Ms87-025.
STEPP, SILAS H. (?-1865). LETTERS, 1863-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier; enlisted in April 1863 in the 7th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion and transferred in August 1863 to the 6th North Carolina Cavalry Regiment, Company C. Captured by the Union forces in June 1864 at Jackson's Mills, North Carolina. Imprisoned first at Point Lookout, Maryland, and then sent in July 1864 to Elmira Prison, New York. Died of pneumonia in Elmira on January 2, 1865. Collection consists of photocopies of seventeen letters to his wife written mostly prior to his capture. Three letters written from Elmira with details of his capture and imprisonment. Ms92-020.
STEUART, MAJOR GENERAL G. H. LETTER, 1861. 0.2 cu. ft. A letter from Confederate Major General G.H. Steuart to Major Commanding General Kenton Harper, and Harper's reply. The letter was written in Baltimore, Maryland, and is dated April 23, 1861. It expresses concern over the unexpected movements of Union troops in Annapolis, Maryland. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-014.
STEUBING, WILHELM JACOB (1832-98). CORRESPONDENCE, 1859-64. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate soldier in Company B, Debray's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (later the 26th Texas Cavalry). Probably involved in the Texas Coast Operations of 1863. Collection consists of seven letters written from and to Steubing at camps in Texas and his wife Nancy in their home in Hopkinsville, Texas. Ms92-042.
STEWART, NIXON. CORRESPONDENCE, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in Company E, 97th Ohio Regiment. Two letters written in April 1863 from General Hospital #12 in Louisville, Kentucky, to his sister Maggie in Adamsville, Ohio. Describes woundings and deaths of comrades, and states that he would rather stand the hardships of the regiment than be in the hospital. Transcript available. Ms88-086.
STRAWN FAMILY. PAPERS, 1862-1942. 0.1 cu. ft. Family of New Virginia and St. Charles, Iowa, and other locations in Colorado, Kansas, and Wyoming. Papers consist of fourteen letters amongst the members of the family and from members of the Bumbarger family. Includes letters written to J.A. Cravens during the Civil War. Also includes a transcripts of an oral history interview about the Bumbarger family as told to Ruth Strawn Chapman, in 1934, and the marriage certificate of John Strawn to Nellie Bumbarger (1898). Ms94-006.
STURTEVANT LETTERS, 1858-1884 2 inches. Collection of sixty letters, written mostly to Ann Maria Sturtevant and Owen Sturtevant from various members of the Durkee, Smith, and Montgomery families in Springfield, Illinois, and the Boyer family in Monticello, Illinois. Pre-Civil War letters refer to the sale of slaves and the discovery of runaway slaves in Kentucky. War-time letters are from women on the homefront and refer to male relatives in the Union Army. Transcripts of selected letters available. Ms1993-023.
SUTTON-MARTIN-MASON FAMILY. PAPERS, 1861-1968. .2 cu. ft. Pulaski County, Virginia family. Papers consist largely of correspondence to Rachel Louisa Sutton (later married to David H. Martin) from friends and family during the 1860s. Many letters comment on the Civil War, particularly conditions in Southwest Virginia. Others discuss Martha Washington College (Abingdon, Virginia), its classes, and related activities. Also contains deeds, family financial records, poetry, photographs and assorted ephemera. A small collection of materials belonging to the Martins' granddaughter, Elinor Mason, completes the collection. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2003-013.
TALBOT, NATHANIEL H. (b. abt. 1831). 0.1 cu. ft. Private with the 43rd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry; 2nd (and later 1st) Lieutenant, Company B, 58th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry; photographer before and after the Civil War. Collection consists of a single letter to "Dear Ones" from May 1865; includes description of a grand review in Washington, DC, as well as some of Talbot's camp duties. Finding aid available online. Ms2013-002.
TARR, G. HORACE. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier of Battalion the 20th Connecticut Volunteers. Letter, May 4, 1863, giving a detailed eye-witness account of the Battle of Chancellorsville. Ms87-028.
TARTER FAMILY. PAPERS (1862-1865). 0.1 cu. ft. The collection includes a letter from J. W. & Susan M. Tarter to J. W.'s brother, Confederate soldier James H. Tarter; a CSA envelope, and James H.'s Oath of Allegiance certificate. The letter, written from Wythe County and dated November 2nd, 1862, includes mostly family news, food prices, and war news. Finding aid available on Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-021.
TESTERMAN, LOUISE. PAPERS, 1861-62, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Two photographs collected by Testerman: one of John P. Donaldson and Noyes Rand, 22nd Virginia Regiment soldiers in the Confederate Army of the Civil War; and another of John S.M. Parker, also a soldier. Also includes a scrap of paper giving details about Rand and Francis A. Donaldson. Ms86-008.
TESTERMAN, WILLIAM F. LETTERS, 1864-65. 0.1 cu. ft. First Lieutenant in Company C, 8th Tennessee Cavalry. Letter written July 25, 1864, from Gallatin, Tennessee, to Jane Davis, of the love he has for her and his hopes for their future. A second letter, written February 11, 1865, to his family mentions talk of peace. Ms89-099.
37TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY. DOCUMENTS, 1863-1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate infantry regiment raised in Southwest Virginia. Invoice for shoes issued to Captain Wood of Company D; receipts for delivery of deserters G. D. Shaver and James Cox. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-057.
THOMAS, HENRY GODDARD (1837-97). LETTERS, 1868-89. 0.1 cu. ft. Born in Maine; entered the Civil War as a private yet rose to the rank of brigadier general by the war's end. After 1862 he was involved with the recruitment and organization of Negro troops in the Union army. Commissioned several troops, in particular the 79th and 19th U.S. Colored Infantries. He remained in the army after the war and retired in 1891. Collection consists of twenty-two letters to Thomas from friends and relatives. Many of the letters refer to the Freedmen's Bureau and the newly freed slaves' attempts to establish schools and churches. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms91-073.
THOMPSON, ALFRED. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-63. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier in the 49th Pennsylvania Volunteers; wounded in May 1864 and died in November in Martinsburg. Nine letters from Thompson in various camps in Virginia to David May of Spruce Creek, Pennsylvania. Compliments his own poetry and compares himself to Edgar Allen Poe, compares soldiering to prostitution, and describes conditions during McClellan's Peninsular Campaign. Ms90-004.
THOMPSON, W.W. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft. Union soldier. Letter written August 23, 1862, to his wife from Yorktown, Virginia. Ms89-043.
THORNHILL, JOHN O. (ca.1834-1907). LETTER, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in Company B, 2nd Virginia Cavalry. Letter to friend "Bob," written apparently while on medical leave, mentioning a recent Yankee raid, Thornhill's prospects for release from duty, the desertion of several comrades, and a number of mutual acquaintances. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-068.
THURMAN FAMILY. LETTERS, 1860-1871. 0.1 cu. ft. Family of Chesterfield and Fluvanna counties, Virginia, including Meredith Branch Thurman, a private in Company C, 14th Virginia Infantry, and his brother Robert H. Thurman, a soldier in the 41st Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. Letters (all but one are photocopies) from Meredith B. and Robert H. Thurman to Jane Rosser Humphrey Thurman, their wife and sister-in-law respectively. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-134.
TICE, JAMES R. (1842?-1863). LETTERS, 1862-1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Sergeant in Company B, 42nd Virginia Infantry. Three letters, written from camps near Romney, Port Republic and Guinea Station, Virginia to sister (Martha A. Tice Light) and brother-in-law (Jim Light). Letters mostly focus on family and personal matters but also mention the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, the death of Turner Ashby, the withdrawal of Union forces from Romney, the provisions captured by the Confederates there, and war-time prices of various goods. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms2003-006
TINKLE, WILLIAM W. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft. Soldier in the 7th Indiana Infantry, Company F. Letter written to Captain J.M. Jones, July 10, 1864, describing the siege of Petersburg, Virginia. Included is a list of the casualties in his company since May of that year. Ms89-048.
TINSLEY, FANNY W. MEMOIRS, 1912. Typescript memoir written in 1912 of a Hanover County, Virginia, woman's experience of the Battle of Mechanicsville in 1862. Ms91-013.
TRUMBULL, HENRY CLAY (1830-1903). PAPERS, 1863-64. 0.6 cu. ft. Chaplain to the 10th Connecticut Volunteer Regiment from 1862 to 1865. Collection includes photocopies of the letters Trumbull wrote during that time (mostly to his wife), and a copy of the journal and diaries he kept while in a prisoner-of-war camp in Columbia, South Carolina. Ms88-018.
TUBBS, EDWARD F. CORRESPONDENCE, 1858-1864. 0.1. cu. ft. Tubbs served with Company I, 14th Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry. Collection includes even letters written by Edward F. Tubbs to his mother and siblings at home in Albion, Erie County, Pennsylvania. Finding aid available in the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-030.
TURNER FAMILY. GENEALOGY PAPERS, ca. 1980s. 0.1 cu. ft. Genealogical information about the Turner family of Snowcreek in Franklin County, Virginia. Meshack Taylor (1819 or 1820-1877) served in Company E of the 64th Virginia Regiment during the Civil War. Collection includes a photocopy of a letter written by Turner to his wife Sallie from Farrow Grounds near Norfolk, Virginia, on April 13, 1862. Also includes a genealogy compiled by Helen Turner of Lawton, Oklahoma, on "The Turners of Snowcreek," which consists of transcripts of wills, research notes, Meshack Turner's Civil War record, and family trees of the Turner descendents. Ms94-002.
TURNER, MARY H. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Resident of Petersburg, Virginia. Writes of friendship and the "unnatural and unholy war." Letter captured by J. S. France, of Co. B, 13th New York State Militia, during the Seven Days Campaign in 1862. CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
TWENTY-FOURTH VIRGINIA VOLUNTEER REGIMENT. RECORDS, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft.
Records consist of five items relating to soldiers in the regiment, including examination notes, a furlough pass, and lists of pay and clothing. Soldiers were R.T. Briggs, John R. Hudson, R. Laundrum, Burgess Whitt, and Solomon Wood. Ms90-037.
TYLER, CYRIL H. LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft.
Union soldier from Kalamazoo, Michigan. Writes his father from Fair Oaks, near Richmond, Virginia, June 4, 1862. Refers to skirmishes with the enemy, Rebel sharpshooters, and crossing the Chicahominy River. Ms89-009.
UNION SOLDIER. PHOTOGRAPH, c.1861-1865. 0.1 cu. ft. The collection consists of a photograph of a Union soldier. A note handwritten on the back of the photograph reads "45th NY, Co. B" with an advertisement for C.G. Gunther's Sons which may have been used to keep the photo in place. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-005.
[UNION SOLDIER'S CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63]. 0.1 cu. ft.
Four letters from a Union soldier named Isaac, written from various camps in Virginia, on topics including camp life and the Battle of Chancellorsville (1863). Transcripts available. Ms88-081.
UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY, DR. HARVY BLACK CHAPTER. RECORDS, 1862-1999. 3.4 cu. ft. Blacksburg, Virginia chapter (formed 1896) of national organization of Confederate veterans' female descendents. Records include files devoted to local Confederate veterans (including letters of Elisha Epperson, 67th Virginia Infantry), chapter financial records, minute books, membership records, financial records, printed materials and scrapbooks. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms90-050.
UNITED STATES MILITARY RAILROADS. RECEIPT, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Federal agency operating railroads seized and consolidated during the Civil War. Receipt issued to W. W. Tuttle, general freight agent at Nashville, Tennessee. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-097.
UPDIKE, AMON W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-65. 0.1 cu. ft.
Confederate soldier in the 53rd Virginia Regiment, Bartons Brigade. Photocopies of five letters (1864-65) from Updike while camped in New Kent, Chesterfield, and Henrico counties, Virginia, to his sister, Phebe Arthur. Also included are photocopies of letters (1861-62) from Phebe Arthur to her husband Henry, letters from Henry to Phebe and to other family members, and a letter from J.O. Hensley, Arthur's captain, informing Phebe of her husband's death. Ms85-012.
USS PITTSBURG (1862-1865). PAYMASTER'S LEDGER, 1862. 0.3 cu. ft. Union Navy gunboat during the Civil War, serving in the Western Gunboat Flotilla. Paymaster's ledger, containing the names and pay records (including clothing, personal goods and cash) of crew of unidentified vessel, believed to be the USS Pittsburg. Also includes a single payroll sheet listing officers of another unidentified vessel, believed to be the USS Shawmut. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-026.
VALENTINE, HERBERT E. (1841-?). SCRAPBOOK, 1862-64, 1908, 1911-12. 0.1 cu. ft.
Fifty page scrapbook compiled by Valentine, who served in Company F of the 23rd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, and authored Story of Co. F, 23rd Massachusetts Volunteers in the War for the Union 1861-1865 (W.H. Clarke & Co., Boston, 1896). Scrapbook is composed of a series of newspaper clippings from the Salem [Massachusetts] News, written in 1911-12 by Valentine, giving details of the 23rd Massachusetts's activities during the war. Includes photographs, many of them taken in New Berne, North Carolina, by Valentine in 1908, during a dedication of a monument to members of his infantry. Also includes thirty-nine ink wash sketches of scenes from the war, sketched during the war years by Valentine. Digital images of ink washes available. Ms95-027.
VAN PELT, HENRY. LETTER AND CDV, 1862-c.1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Private, and eventually, captain, with the 83rd Regiment, New York Infantry. Collection includes a letter from Van Pelt about camp life and regiment activities, as well as a CDV stamped by a New York City photographer. Finding aid available online. Ms2012-041.
VARDELL, WILLIAM GILDERSLEEVE. LETTERS, 1862-63, 1882. 0.2 cu. ft.
Major from South Carolina in the Confederate Army; served in the Quartermaster's Department attached to the Holcomb Legion and the 17th, 18th, 22nd, and the 23rd South Carolina regiments. Collection consists of photocopies of forty-eight letters from Vardell to his wife Jennie, written between August 1862 and August 1863, while he was encamped in Montgomery, Alabama, and Jackson, Mississippi. Writes long and eloquent letters about news and effects of the war and battles, items he would like sent from home, and the strength of his Christian faith, among other topics. Also includes a letter written in October 1882 to Mrs. J. Jackson. Ms95-016.
VIAR, GEORGE W. PAPERS, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft.
Soldier in Company E of the 24th Virginia Volunteer Regiment. Papers consist of reports by surgeons Dublin, Virginia, of their examinations of Viar, declaring him unfit for field duty. Also includes a note by a fellow soldier of Viar's to his family with the information that he is sending documents home with Viar. Ms90-036.
VIRGINIA CONFEDERATE ELECTION TICKET, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Confederate election ticket that lists presidential candidate Jefferson Davis, vice-presidential candidate A.H. Stephens, Virginia state representative candidates John R. Edmunds and Allen T. Caperton, and the candidates for the sixteen districts of Virginia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-004.
VOLTZ, FELIX. CORRESPONDENCE, 1865. 0.2 cu. ft.
Drummer boy in the 187th New York Volunteer Regiment. Collection consists of letters to and from Voltz and his family in Buffalo, New York. Felix's family was very upset when he impetuously enlisted, and Felix soon realized the rigors of army life. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1993-021.
WADE, JANE. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft.
Photocopy of a letter from Wade in Christiansburg, Virginia, written on May 15, 1864, to her husband John, a soldier in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. She writes about the "Yanks advancing on Dublin [Virginia] and burning town buildings," the wounded, and looting by the Yankee soldiers. Transcript available. Ms87-049.
WAGG, JOHN D. (1835-66). PAPERS, 1854-66. 0.4 cu. ft.
Methodist minister who practiced as a circuit preacher in the Virginia counties of Giles, Russell, and Wise in the late 1850s and early 1860s. In late 1862 or early 1863 he assumed ministerial duties in Asheville, North Carolina. Papers consist of correspondence, diaries, sermons, church documents, and miscellaneous poems and essays. Finding aidavailable on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms1992-048.
WALDRON, FREDERICK. MEMOIRS, n.d. 1 vol.
Undated manuscript memoirs, ca. late 1800s, of Waldron's experiences as a soldier in the 31st New York Regiment. Ms95-011.
WALKER, TIMOTHY S. LETTER, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft.
Union soldier with the 25th Maine Volunteer Infantry. Letter written April 20, 1864, from Georgetown in Washington, D.C. to a friend in Maine. Writes about getting coal in Alexandria, Virginia, and his hopes that the war ends soon. Ms91-021.
WALL, ALEXANDER FLOYD (ca. 1826-ca. 1899). CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-65. 0.1 cu. ft.
Farmer in Montgomery County, Virginia. Collection consists of copies of three letters, 1862-65, from Wall to his brother-in-law, Waddy Thompson James (1836-1926 or 1931), a Captain and then Lieutenant Colonel in Company B of the 57th Virginia Infantry. Wall's letters describe conditions on his farm during the war, prices of crops, problems of getting supplies to soldiers, and the transfer of slaves. Company B, or the "Franklin Sharpshooters," was organized by James of men from Franklin County, Virginia. James was injured in the Battle of Malvern Hill (July 1862) and resigned from service soon thereafter. Also includes one letter from James to his wife Jennie, written from Camp Belcher in Richmond, Virginia, on October 4, 1861, and biographical and military information about James and his career as a soldier. After the war James served in the Virginia House of Delegates (1864-78) and the Virginia Senate (1879-82) as a representative from Franklin County. Transcripts available. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms82-007.
WALTERS, HENRY J. (b.1812). LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft. Newspaper editor and publisher in Lewiston, Pennsylvania. Collection contains a single letter written by Henry J. Walters to an unnamed person discussing recommendation letters that Walters had written for the unnamed individual. The letter also includes favorable references to a Mr. McCay. Transcription available. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-003.
WALTHER, C. F. W. (1811-1887). WRITINGS, . 0.1 cu. ft. President of Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod. Internet printout of "Slavery, Humanism, & The Bible: Selections from Lehre und Wehre," containing Walther's writings on slavery and the Civil War, extracted from various issues of a synodical publication published in 1863. Part of the CivilWar Small Manuscripts Collection. Ms2003-014.
WALTON FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1861-84, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft.
Floyd County, Virginia, family. S.L. Walton joined the Confederate Army in 1861 and served in the 42nd Virginia Regiment and the 1st Virginia Battalion. He was captured in April 1865 and taken to Point Lookout, Maryland, where he was released in June. Collection consists of seventeen letters and notes to and from Walton, his parents, his wife Nancy Ann, his brother, and cousins. Ms55-001.
WARREN, HENRY M. (abt. 1837-1862). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft. Letter from Henry M. Warren to his brother, Nathaniel in Massachusetts. Warren's letter, dated November 9, 1861 and written from Hall's Hill, Virginia, includes details about how the soldiers in the unit are kept busy in their down time (mostly drill and review), including a review that Warren says was attended by President Lincoln. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2012-017.
WATERS, REUEL W. (b. abt. 1843). CORRESPONDENCE, 1865. 0.1 cu. ft. Maine resident and private with the 1st Battalion, Maine Light Artillery. Collection consists of a letter to Waters' sister, Abbie, describing ammunitions and artillery, as well as the railroads in the area near where he was stationed. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2011-110.
WATSON, GEORGE W. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-65. 0.1 cu. ft.
Union soldier in the 12th New Hampshire Volunteer Regiment. Correspondence to his family from various camps in Virginia, and from Point Lookout, where he was stationed. Ms89-024.
WATSON, THOMAS (1844-?). LETTERS, 1862-1866. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company D, 93rd Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War, participant in Grant's Vicksburg Campaign and Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. Photocopies of typed transcripts of letters written from Camp Douglas, Illinois and camps in Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-005.
WEBER, MAX (1824-1901). LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft.
Colonel of the 20th Regiment of New York Volunteers. Letter to Major General Benjamin F. Butler, September 5, 1861, describing the capture of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, on August 28, by Weber's January 22, 2004troops. Ms89-027.
WELCH, CAPTAIN ISAIAH A. (1829?-1902). CORRESPONDENCE, 1866-1867. 0.1 cu. ft. Welch served with the 13th Battalion, Virginia Light Artillery during the Civil War. Later helped develop the coal industry in West Virginia. Dickenson served as a captain in Company B ("Ringgold" Battery), 13th Battalion, Virginia Light Artillery. Doctor in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, before and after the war. Collection includes a letter from Welch to Dickerson, wishing to renew contact, and discuss post-war difficulties of friends. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2009-094.
WEST, J. WALDO. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft.
Lieutenant in the 1st New York Dragoons. Three letters written between January and July, 1864, to Sarah L. (Lyra) Stillson of Corning, New York, from Dansville, New York, and camps in Washington, D.C. Writes about his visit home and his company's reconnaissance to the Rapidan River. Ms89-066.
[WEST VIRGINIA CORRESPONDENCE, 1861]. 0.1 cu. ft.
Two letters on one sheet from two girls in western Virginia (now West Virginia) to their aunt. They write of war on the home front and the destruction caused by the Yankee soldiers to their farms. Ms89-006.
WHITE, ISAAC (1837-89). PAPERS, 1861-1938. 0.2 cu. ft.
Assistant surgeon in the Confederate Army. Born in Charlottesville, Virginia, White graduated in 1859 from the Medical College of Virginia. He resided in Upshur County, Virginia (now West Virginia) before the war, and then in Shawsville in Montgomery County, Virginia, until his death. He served in various regiments during the war, including the 29th Virginia Infantry Regiment, the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment, and the 62nd Virginia Mounted Infantry Regiment. He also served, between September 1862 and January 1863 as an assistant surgeon at Montgomery White Sulphur Springs Hospital. The papers consist of letters from White to his wife in Shawsville, written mostly while encamped along the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia in 1863 and 1864. He describes the losses to his regiment suffered during the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1863), the Battles of New Market and Spotsylvania (May 1864), and the Battle of Winchester (September 1864). Finding aid with links to transcripts and images (jpgs) available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms97-013.
WHITE, WILLIAM C. LETTER, 1861. 0.1 cu. ft.
Soldier in Company H of the 69th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment. Recruited in Philadelphia on August 19, 1861; mustered out August 27, 1864. Letter written November 20, 1861, to his parents from Camp Monocacy, Maryland. Writes that it is hard to get "french leave" because there are patrols on every road around the camp, and that many have deserted from his company due to the lack of whiskey. Ms89-098.
WHITMAN, G.J. CORRESPONDENCE, 1864. 0.1 cu. ft.
Union soldier. Three letters from camps in and near Washington, D.C. Ms88-084.
WICKHAM, WILLIAMS CARTER (1820-1888). LETTERBOOK, 1881-1882. 0.2 cu. ft. Attorney, farmer, Virginia state senator, Hanover County supervisor, president of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company, and Confederate brigadier general. Copies of letters regarding farm, business, personal and political matters (particularly C&O Railway business and Virginia and Hanover County political issues). Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2008-011.
WILKINS, CHARLES (d. 1863). LETTER, 1862. 0.1 cu. ft.
Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Infantry. Letter written on May 23, 1862, from camp near Corinth, Mississippi, to his brother in New Hampshire. Writes about his recent arrival in Mississippi and reporting to General John Pope. Claims they are "near enough to reach the Rebels with our 30 pounders." Ms91-015.
WILLS FAMILY. CORRESPONDENCE, 1860-65. 0.1 cu. ft.
Bedford, Virginia, family. Photocopies of correspondence from William S., William L., Lindsay T., and Henry H. Wills from various camps, including Jamestown and Richmond, Virginia, and Murfreesboro, North Carolina, to Mollie and Mary Wills. William S. Wills was in the Charlottesville Artillery, and Lindsay T. and Henry H. Wills served the Company K of the 10th Virginia Cavalry, and later in the Bedford Light Artillery. Ms82-008.
WILSON, B.G. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft.
Confederate soldier from Danville, Virginia. Letter from Wilson to his brother, December 24, 1863, referring to sickness in the camp and the low morale of the soldiers. Transcript available. Ms88-082.
WILSON, JEFFREY T. (1843-1929). DIARIES, 1913, 1928. 0.2 cu. ft. Jeffrey T. Wilson was born in Portsmouth, Virginia. He was a former slave who later served a year in the U. S. Navy, and worked first in the Portsmouth Navy Yard and then as a court bailiff in Norfolk. Over the course of his life, he was married four times and had at least twelve children. Collection includes two of Wilson's diaries from 1913 and 1928. In addition to entries on race relations, politics and news, Wilson also writes about his own history. Finding aid available online. Ms2011-015.
WINSTON FAMILY. LETTERS, 1861-65. 0.1 cu. ft.
Copies of transcripts of the Civil War letters of three brothers: Ambrose Whitlock Winston (1835-97), Charles James Winston (1837-87), and William Henry Harrison Winston (1841-1935), of Campbell County, Virginia, to their aunt, Mary Harris Clark. The brothers all served in Company G, 11th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia. The letters were written between November 1861 and March 1865 from camps in Virginia and North Carolina. They write of mutual friends killed or wounded, Union and Confederate officers, details of battles, and requests for goods from home. Ms95-004.
WOLCOTT, EBEN P. CORRESPONDENCE, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft.
Soldier in the 28th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, Company E. Correspondence consists of thirty-eight letters to Wolcott in Pensacola, Florida, and New Orleans, Louisiana, from his family in Lakeville, Connecticut. Includes information about the Battle of Fredericksburg (December 1862), the death of Stonewall Jackson (May 1863), and the inflation caused by the war. Ms89-033.
WOOD, LEWIS. LETTERS, 1862-63. 0.1 cu. ft.
Private, possibly company cook, in Company K and Company H of the 2nd Ohio Cavalry. Eight letters written by Wood from camps in Ohio and Missouri to his wife in Unionville, Ohio. Writes of attending a religious meeting for slaves, crossing the Mississippi River, and witnessing a slave auction. Finding aid available in EAD on the Virginia Heritage Project database. Ms91-011.
WOOD, WILLIAM B. LETTER, 1863. 0.1 cu. ft.
Confederate colonel; chief of General James Longstreet's military corps. Letter written October 14, 1863, from Chattanooga, Tennessee, about an invitation Wood received to run for a senator of the Confederate States. Wood felt he had been passed over for military promotion and wished to return to civilian life. Transcript available. Ms88-069.
YEAMAN, WILLIAM H. (d. 1863). PAPERS, 1862-1863, n.d. 0.1 cu. ft. Private in Company A, 38th Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Wounded at Seven Pines; killed in action at Gettysburg in 1863. Collection contains 15 letters home, written by Yeaman. Topics include camp life and battle descriptions. Also contains photographs of several Yeaman family members. Finding aid available on the Virginia Heritage database. Ms2010-034.
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